Peritonitis is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests.

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Organism

Peritonitis

Primary or spontaneous (associated with nephrosis or cirrhosis) (SBP): Enterobacteriaceae (GNR) (69%), enterococci (GPC), viridans streptococci (GPC in chains), S. pneumoniae (GPC), group A streptococcus (GPC), S. aureus (GPC), anaerobes (5%).

Secondary (bowel perforation, hospital acquired, or antecedent antibiotic therapy): Enterobacteriaceae, enterococcus (GPC), Bacteroides fragilis group (GNR), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (GNR) (3–15%).

Chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD): Coagulase-negative staphylococci (GPC) (43%), S. aureus (14%), Streptococcus sp. (12%), Enterobacteriaceae (14%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Corynebacterium sp. (GPR), candida (2%), aspergillus (rare), cryptococcus (rare).

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Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Peritonitis ID - 619319 A1 - Lu,Chuanyi Mark, AU - McPhee,Stephen J, AU - Nicoll,Diana, BT - Guide to Diagnostic Tests UR - https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619319/all/Peritonitis PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 7 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -