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Community-acquired pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests.

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Community-acquired pneumonia

Neonate: E. coli (GNR), group A or B streptococcus (GPC), S. aureus (GPC), Pseudomonas sp (GNR), C. trachomatis.

Infant/child (<5 years): Virus, S. pneumoniae (GPC), H. influenzae (GNCB), S. aureus.

Age 5–40 years: Virus, M. pneumoniae, C. pneumoniae (formerly known as TWAR strain), C. psittaci, S. pneumoniae, Legionella sp.

Age >40 years without other disease: S. pneumoniae (GPDC), H. influenzae (GNCB), S. aureus (GPC), M. catarrhalis (GNDC), C. pneumoniae, Legionella sp. (GNR), S. pyogenes (GPC), K. pneumoniae (GNR), Enterobacteriaceae (GNR), viruses (eg, influenza).

Cystic fibrosis: P. aeruginosa (GNR), Burkholderia cepacia.

Elderly: S. pneumoniae (GPDC), H. influenzae (GNCB), S. aureus (GPC), Enterobacteriaceae (GNR), M. catarrhalis (GNDC), group B streptococcus (GPC), legionella (GNR), nocardia (GPR), influenza.

Aspiration: S. pneumoniae (GPDC), K. pneumoniae (GNR), Enterobacteriaceae (GNR), Bacteroides sp. and other oral anaerobes.

Fungal: H. capsulatum, C. immitis, B. dermatitidis.

Exposure to birthing animals, sheep: C. burnetii (Q fever), rabbits: F. tularensis (tularemia), deer mice: hantavirus, birds: C. psittaci.

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McPhee, Stephen J., et al. "Community-acquired Pneumonia." Guide to Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2017. Medicine Central, im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619303/all/Community_acquired_pneumonia.
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Community-acquired pneumonia. Guide to Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619303/all/Community_acquired_pneumonia. Accessed August 19, 2019.
McPhee, S. J., Lu, C. M., & Nicoll, D. (2017). Community-acquired pneumonia. In Guide to Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619303/all/Community_acquired_pneumonia
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Community-acquired Pneumonia [Internet]. In: Guide to Diagnostic Tests. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. [cited 2019 August 19]. Available from: https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619303/all/Community_acquired_pneumonia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Community-acquired pneumonia ID - 619303 A1 - McPhee,Stephen J, AU - Lu,Chuanyi Mark, AU - Nicoll,Diana, BT - Guide to Diagnostic Tests UR - https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/GDT/619303/all/Community_acquired_pneumonia PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 7 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -