• Functional (benign): acute illness, exercise, "orthostatic proteinuria"
  • Overload: multiple myeloma, rhabdomyolysis, leukemia
  • Glomerular: diabetes, postinfectious glomerulonephritis, HIV, systemic lupus erythematosus, amyloid, IgA nephropathy, membranous nephropathy
  • Tubulointerstitial: acute tubular necrosis, aminoglycosides, interstitial nephritis, Wilson’s disease, Fanconi’s syndrome
  • Other: polycystic kidney disease, preeclampsia-eclampsia

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Last updated: December 1, 2014