Congestive heart failure

Congestive heart failure is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.

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Etiology

Left ventricular failure

  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy (eg, myocardial infarction)
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiomyopathy (eg, idiopathic, alcoholic)
  • Valvular disease (eg, aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency, mitral regurgitation)
  • Volume overload including thiazolidinediones, eg, rosiglitazone
  • Arrhythmia, eg, atrial fibrillation
  • High-output states
  • Chagas’ disease
Right ventricular failure
  • Usually left ventricular failure (left-sided congestive heart failure)
  • Cor pulmonale (right heart failure due to pulmonary disease)
  • Chronic pulmonary embolism
  • Right-sided valve disease
Diastolic dysfunction
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Diabetes
High output heart failure
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Severe anemia
  • Arteriovenous shunting
  • Paget’s disease of the bone
  • Beriberi
  • Hepatic hemangiomatosis
  • Sepsis
  • Carcinoid

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Last updated: December 1, 2014

Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - Congestive heart failure ID - 114584 A1 - Zeiger,Roni F, Y1 - 2014/12/01/ BT - Diagnosaurus UR - https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Diagnosaurus/114584/all/Congestive_heart_failure PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 4 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -