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Complementary/Alternative Medicine: This monograph describes a natural or herbal product that is not subject to FDA guidelines for medicines. Patients and clinicians are advised to read package labels carefully to ensure safe and efficacious use.


Trade Name(s)

  • Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
  • Omega-9 Fatty Acids

Ther. Class.
cardioprotective agents

Common Uses

  • Constipation.
  • Cardiovascular disease.
  • Hyperlipidemia.
  • Hypertension.


Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Therapeutic Effect(s):

  • Decreased BP.
  • Decreased total cholesterol levels.


Absorption: Unknown

Distribution: Unknown

Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown

Half-life: Unknown




Contraindicated in:

  • None.

Use Cautiously in:

  • Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)
  • Diabetes.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Derm: contact dermatitis (topical)

* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Underline indicate most frequent.


Natural Drug Interaction

  • May have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents.
  • May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents.


  • May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels including devil's claw fenugreek garlic ginsengand psyllium .
  • May have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ BP including coenzyme Q-10 fish oil L-arginine cat's clawand stinging nettle .


PO: (Adults) Constipation– 30 mL of oil; Hypertension– 30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia– 23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction– 54 grams/day.




Fruit pulp


  • Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
    • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
  • Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.

Lab Test Considerations:

Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.

Potential Diagnoses


  • PO: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
  • Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.
olive is a sample topic from the Davis's Drug Guide.

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Quiring, Courtney, et al. "Olive." Davis's Drug Guide, 16th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2019. Medicine Central, im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110109/1/olive.
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Olive. Davis's Drug Guide. 16th ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110109/1/olive. Accessed June 24, 2019.
Quiring, C., Sanoski, C. A., & Vallerand, A. H. (2019). Olive. In Davis's Drug Guide. Available from https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110109/1/olive
Quiring C, Sanoski CA, Vallerand AH. Olive [Internet]. In: Davis's Drug Guide. F.A. Davis Company; 2019. [cited 2019 June 24]. Available from: https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110109/1/olive.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - olive ID - 110109 A1 - Quiring,Courtney, AU - Sanoski,Cynthia A, AU - Vallerand,April Hazard, BT - Davis's Drug Guide UR - https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/Davis-Drug-Guide/110109/1/olive PB - F.A. Davis Company ET - 16 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -