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Cervical Polyps

Cervical Polyps is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Clinical Consult.

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  • Pedunculated masses, usually single, varying in size that protrude from the cervix, usually originating from the endocervical but can be seen in the ectocervical canal. Cervical polyps may bleed.
  • System(s) affected: reproductive
  • Bright red to pink and appear spongy

Geriatric Considerations

Pediatric Considerations

Pregnancy Considerations
Delay removal of polyps until postpartum unless bleeding or cervical dilation is found.


  • Predominant age: 40 to 60 years
  • Predominant sex: female only
  • 2–5% of females (1)

  • Common
  • Likelihood of malignancy: 1/1,000 (2)

Etiology and Pathophysiology

Hyperplastic proliferation of cervical or endometrial cells

  • Unknown for most cases
  • Secondary reaction to cervical inflammatory or hormonal stimulation or localized vascular congestion of cervical blood vessels (1)
  • Rare incidence of dysplasia or malignancy

Risk Factors

Trauma, inflammation, pregnancy, elevated estrogen levels, surgical procedure

General Prevention

None known

Commonly Associated Conditions

There is a possibility of coexisting endometrial polyps.

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Stephens, Mark B., et al., editors. "Cervical Polyps." 5-Minute Clinical Consult, 27th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019. Medicine Central, im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/816028/all/Cervical_Polyps.
Cervical Polyps. In: Stephens MB, Golding J, Baldor RA, et al, eds. 5-Minute Clinical Consult. 27th ed. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/816028/all/Cervical_Polyps. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Cervical Polyps. (2019). In Stephens, M. B., Golding, J., Baldor, R. A., & Domino, F. J. (Eds.), 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Available from https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/816028/all/Cervical_Polyps
Cervical Polyps [Internet]. In: Stephens MB, Golding J, Baldor RA, Domino FJ, editors. 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/816028/all/Cervical_Polyps.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Cervical Polyps ID - 816028 ED - Stephens,Mark B, ED - Golding,Jeremy, ED - Baldor,Robert A, ED - Domino,Frank J, BT - 5-Minute Clinical Consult, Updating UR - https://im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/816028/all/Cervical_Polyps PB - Wolters Kluwer ET - 27 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -