Opioid Use Disorder
Opioids are a class of medication that are commonly used for analgesia or pain relief with the concurrent potential for central nervous system depression and/ or feelings of euphoria. The diagnosis of opioid use disorder (OUD) refers to the misuse of prescription opioids or use of illicit opioids, such as heroin that may result in self-harm including death. OUD is considered a chronic illness.
In 2018, an estimated 10,250,000 people reported opioid misuse (3.7% of population ≥12 years old)
- 2,028,000 of those met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for a diagnosis of OUD (0.7% of population ≥12 years old) (1)
- Prior history of substance use disorder
- More severe reported pain
- Co-occurring mental disorders (2)
- Opioid prescriptions have been reduced by 29% between 2006 and 2018, which reduces access to prescription opioids.
- Harm reduction practices can prevent complications from OUD such as clean needle exchanges and safe injection sites.
- Access to intranasal naloxone can prevent opioid-related deaths
Commonly Associated Conditions
- Mood disorders
- Personality disorders
- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Other substance use disorders
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Hepatitis A, B, C
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