The 5-Minute Clinical Consult

Title Page

The 5-Minute Clinical Consult 2021, 29th Edition
Copyright © 2021 WOLTERS KLUWER. All rights reserved.

Unbound™ software platform © 2000-2021 Unbound Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved.

Editors

Editor-in-Chief

Frank J. Domino, MD
Professor and Director of Predoctoral Education
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Associate Editors

Robert A. Baldor, MD, FAAFP
Professor and Founding Chair
Department of Family Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School-Baystate
Springfield, Massachusetts

Kathleen A. Barry, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Hahnemann Family Health Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jeremy Golding, MD, FAAFP
Professor of Family Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Quality Officer
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Memorial Health Care
Hahnemann Family Health Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Mark B. Stephens, MD
Professor of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State University College of Medicine
State College, Pennsylvania

Dedication

2021 marks the start of my 35th year as a family doctor and an opportunity to reflect on the tremendous changes that have occurred over my career. Clinicians of all specialties are besieged to provide high value care, while still struggling to incorporate electronic health records into their practices in a meaningful manner. Patient expectations are at an all-time high, with Internet-acquired ideas and suggestions. Meanwhile, quality parameters for which we often have little control or that do not really reflect improvements in care, drive many of our actions.

Provider wellness is front page news, with a call for increased ‘resiliency’ and relaxation exercises rather than fixing the system! Despite the frustrations of the health care system in our world, I remain happy as a practicing family doc. What has not changed over the years is the need for a patient relationship that is built on trust. As Francis W. Peabody wrote in 1927, “One of the essential qualities of the clinician is interest in humanity, for the secret of the care of the patient is in caring for the patient.” That has not changed!

This edition is dedicated to the primary care clinicians who every day devote themselves to caring for their patients. You are a remarkable group. If the pressures and changes in medicine are getting you down, “run to the fire;” consider taking a student or two every year in your practice to precept, exposing them to the joys of caring for your patients.

Mary Angelina Baldor, my mother, who at the age of 95, remains a positive influence in my life! Each morning she wakes greeting another day with a smile. Without realizing it, she has taught me the power of positive thinking, the benefits of working hard, and taking time to play. My mom was a role model of nurturing and caring for those around her. I have also been blessed with healthy and happy children (Anthony, Jocelyn, Daniel, John, Angelina and Ella). They need to know each is my ‘favorite’! My life has been further enriched with 3 precious grandchildren (Layla, Lennon and Ponder); they are a delight.

My wife Carol has been a source of support and without her understanding and patience with my workaholic nature, none of my efforts would be successful. From her I have learned the value of wonder and acceptance of those less fortunate. Her insights about the world around me and the need to stop and reflect are just part of why I am grateful for her being in my life. Her love and devotion sustain me, making every day a joy!

Robert A. Baldor, MD

Evidence-Based Medicine

WHAT IS EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE?

WHAT IS EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE?
Remember when we used to treat every otitis media with antibiotics? These recommendations came about because we applied logical reasoning to observational studies. If bacteria cause an acute otitis media, then antibiotics should help it resolve sooner, with less morbidity. Yet, when rigorously studied (via a systematic review), we found little benefit to this intervention.

The underlying premise of EBM is the evaluation of medical interventions and the literature that supports those interventions, in a systematic fashion. EBM hopes to encourage treatments proven to be effective and safe. And when insufficient data exist, it hopes to inform you on how to safely proceed.

EBM uses end points of real patient outcomes, morbidity, mortality, and risk. It focuses less on intermediate outcomes (bone density) and more on patient conditions (hip fractures).

Implementing EBM requires three components: the best medical evidence, the skill and experience of the provider, and the values of the patients. Should this patient be screened for prostate cancer? It depends on what is known about the test, on what you know of its benefits and harms, your ability to communicate that information, and that patient’s informed choice.

This book hopes to address the first EBM component, providing you access to the best information in a quick format. Although not every test or treatment has this level of detail, many of the included interventions here use systematic review literature support.

The language of medical statistics is useful in interpreting the concepts of EBM. Below is a list of these terms, with examples to help take the confusion and mystery out of their use.

Prevalence: proportion of people in a population who have a disease (in the United States, 0.3% [3 in 1,000] people .50 years have colon cancer)
Incidence: how many new cases of a disease occur in a population during an interval of time; for example, “The estimated incidence of colon cancer in the United States is 104,000 in 2005.”
Sensitivity: percentage of people with disease who test positive; for mammography, the sensitivity is 71–96%.
Specificity: percentage of people without disease who test negative; for mammography, the specificity is 94–97%.

Suppose you saw ML, a 53-year-old woman, for a health maintenance visit, ordered a screening mammogram, and the report demonstrates an irregular area of microcalcifications. She is waiting in your office to receive her test results, what can you tell her?

Sensitivity and specificity refer to characteristics of people who are known to have disease (sensitivity) or those who are known not to have disease (specificity). But, what you have is an abnormal test result. To better explain this result to ML, you need the positive predictive value.

Positive predictive value (PPV): percentage of positive test results that are truly positive; the PPV for a woman aged 50 to 59 years is approximately 22%. That is to say that only 22% of abnormal screening mammograms in this group truly identified cancer. The other 78% are false positives.

You can tell ML only 1 out of 5 abnormal mammograms correctly identifies cancer; the four are false positives, but the only way to know which mammogram is correct is to do further testing.

The corollary of the PPV is the negative predictive value (NPV), which is the percentage of negative test results that are truly negative.

The PPV and NPV tests are population dependent, whereas the sensitivity and specificity are characteristics of the test and have little to do with the patient in front of you. So when you receive an abnormal lab result, especially a screening test such as mammography, understand their limits based on their PPV and NPV.

Treatment information is a little different. In discerning the statistics of randomized controlled trials of interventions, first consider an example. The Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S) (Lancet. 1994;344[8934]:1383–1389) found using simvastatin in patients at high risk for heart disease for 5 years resulted in death for 8% of simvastatin patients versus 12% of those on placebo; this results in a relative risk of 0.70, a relative risk reduction of 33%, and a number needed to treat of 25.

There are two ways of considering the benefits of an intervention with respect to a given outcome. The absolute risk reduction is the difference in the percentage of people with the condition before and after the intervention. Thus, if the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) was 12% for the placebo group and 8% for the simvastatin group, the absolute risk reduction is 4% (12% - 2 8% = 5 4%).

The relative risk reduction reflects the improvement in the outcome as a percentage of the original rate and is commonly used to exaggerate the benefit of an intervention. Thus, if the risk of MI were reduced by simvastatin from 12% to 8%, then the relative risk reduction would be 33% (4% / 12% = 33%); 33% sounds better than 4%, but the 4% is the absolute risk reduction and reflects the true outcome.

Absolute risk reduction is usually a better measure of clinical significance of an intervention. For instance, in one study, the treatment of mild hypertension has been shown to have relative risk reduction of 40% over 5 years (40% fewer strokes in the treated group). However, the absolute risk reduction was only 1.3%. Because mild hypertension is not strongly associated with strokes, aggressive treatment of mild hypertension yields only a small clinical benefit. Don’t confuse relative risk reduction with relative risk.

Absolute (or attributable) risk (AR): the percentage of people in the placebo or intervention group who reach an end point; in the simvastatin study, the absolute risk of death was 8%.

Relative risk (RR): the risk of disease of those treated or exposed to some intervention (i.e., simvastatin) divided by those in the placebo group or who were untreated
• If RR is < 1.0, it reduces risk—the smaller the number, the greater the risk reduction.

• If RR is >1.0, it increases risk—the greater the number, the greater the risk increase.

Relative risk reduction (RRR): the relative decrease in risk of an end point compared to the percentage of that end point in the placebo group If you are still confused, just remember that the RRR is an overestimation of the actual effect.

Number needed to treat (NNT): This is the number of people who need to be treated by an intervention to prevent one adverse outcome. A “good” NNT can be a large number (.100) if risk of serious outcome is great. If the risk of an outcome is not that dangerous, then lower (< 25) NNTs are preferred.

The NNT should be compared to a similar statistic, the number needed to harm (NNH). This is the number of people who have to be given treatment before one excess side effect or harm occurs. When the NNT is compared to the NNH, you and the patient can judge whether the benefit of the intervention is great enough to outweigh the risk of harm.

EVIDENCED-BASED GRADING

To help you interpret diagnostic and treatment recommendations within The 5-Minute Clinical Consult, we have graded the best information within the text and highlighted this content.

An “A” grade means the reference is from the highest quality resource, such as a systematic review. A systematic review is a summary of the medical literature on a given topic that uses strict, explicit methods to perform a thorough search of the literature and then provides a critical appraisal of individual studies, concluding in a recommendation. The most prestigious collection of systematic reviews is from the Cochrane Collaboration (www.cochrane.org).

A “B” grade means the data referenced comes from highquality randomized controlled trials performed to minimize bias in their outcome. Bias is anything that interferes with the truth; in the medical literature, it is often unintentional, but it is much more common than we appreciate. In short, always assume some degree of bias exist in any research endeavor.

A “C” grade implies the reference used does not meet the A or B requirements; they are often treatments recommended by consensus groups (such as the American Cancer Society). In some cases, they may be the standards of care. But implicit in a group’s recommendation is the bias of the author or the group that supports the reference. For example, the American Urological Society’s recommendation around screening for prostate cancer may be motivated by their narrow scope and financial benefit. Compare this to the recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (www.ahrq.gov), which recommends against screening for prostate cancer.

BIAS

Bias is anything that interferes with the truth. There are many types of bias that should be considered by the publishers of medical information. Below describes a number of bias types that often affect our care without us knowing it is present.

Publication bias occurs when research is not published; this is often when a study finds data that does not support an intervention. The motivation to publish information that “didn’t work” is low. It is estimated that up to 40% of all medical research never get published. When you read of an effective intervention, wonder if other studies did not show benefit and went unpublished.

Comparator bias occurs when research compares an intervention to not the standard of care. Knowing a new treatment is more effective than placebo for treating a condition is not helpful if you typically use a drug or procedure. Why not study comparing the new to the standard of care? Sometimes, the new treatment is no better than the current standard. And if a study was done to see if the new is better than the old and not published, you have an example of publication bias.

Selection bias involves choosing study populations that might be different than the average patient or just reporting a just subset of study participants from a study. Either will result in the data being skewed because it can only be applied to small subset of people.

Attrition bias and the concept of intention to treat. Attrition bias is when researchers do not fully acknowledge and address how a study deals with participants who do not adhere to the research protocol or drop out completely. Intention to treat analysis hopes to diminish attrition bias by statistically considering the nonadhering or dropped out patients as unsuccessfully benefiting from the intervention.

Commercial (funder) bias involves who paid for the research being done, and do they have a vested interest in the outcome. If the developer of a new drug does a large study, or a researcher has a personal financial interest in seeing a study succeed, they may consciously or unconsciously alter what is reported in a study. The data may be accurate, but until this is studied by less vested interests, some feel its outcome cannot be clinically applied.

Have you been annoyed how 1 week you learn of a randomized controlled trial that supports a treatment, to be followed the next week with a contradictory article? Statisticians have figured out how to resolve this using something called a systematic review.

A systematic review gathers all the literature on a topic, say using antibiotics to treat otitis media, and combines the data to determine if the sum of all the trials tells a different story than any single trial. The large number of participants in this type of research results in a much more statistically (and clinically) significant conclusion than any single paper. Want more? Check this out: http://community .cochrane.org/about-us/evidence-based-health-care.

A meta-analysis is a quantitative systematic review and demonstrates its outcomes in the form of a forest plot. The bottom line with interpretation of a forest plot is to look for the diamond on the bottom. If it is to LEFT of the vertical line, it means risk of an outcome was reduced by the intervention. If it is fully to the RIGHT, then risk of that outcome was increased. And if the diamond touches the vertical line, it means there was no statistical influence of the intervention on the outcome.

We hope this brief introduction to EBM has been informative, clear, and helpful. If any of the information above seems unclear, or if you have a question, please contact us via www.5MinuteConsult.com.

Acknowledgments

This is the 29th edition of The 5-Minute Clinical Consult, a comprehensive point-of-care tool to assist in the care of patients. From beginning to end, one cannot find a more current and easy-to-use collection of clinically useful content.

Developing and maintaining a book and website of this magnitude requires an equally broad effort from its supporting team. I wish to thank the dedication and tireless efforts of many: director, medical practice, Rebecca Schmidt; content editing manager, Leanne Vandetty; and publisher, Lisa McAllister.

This 2021 edition is the direct result of the dedication and insights of our associate editors. I wish to thank Drs. Robert Baldor, Jeremy Golding, and Mark Stephens for their hard work and overwhelming commitment to The 5-Minute Clinical Consult. And welcome the amazing Dr. Kathleen Barry to our team of editors.

I wish to especially thank my wife, Sylvia, and my daughter, Molly, who have given greatly for this book.

The challenge of completing a book covering this broad spectrum of medicine requires insights and skills far beyond my own. Many thanks to my mentors Bob Baldor and Mark Quirk who have been an enormous support—always there to encourage, reassure, and impart wisdom.

Many in the academic and health care worlds are due thanks for support, insight, and friendship: Daniel Lasser, M. Diane McKee, Michele Pugnaire, Karen Rayla, Maryanne Adams, Jennifer Masoud, Phil Fournier, Erik Garcia, Jeff Stovall, Jim Comes, Leah Honor, J. Herb Stevenson, Michael Kidd, Zainab Nawab, Sanjiv and Amita Chopra, Vasilios (Bill) Chrisostomidis, James (Jay) Broadhurst, Danuta Antkowiak, Atreyi Chakrabarti, Joseph Frappier, Kate Peasha, the staff of Shrewsbury Family Medicine, Deb Huchowski, Joyce Paquette, Kate Peasha, Priscila Velez, Fanny Rodriguez, Meghan Plaza, and Angie Dell’Ovo, Brittany McLean, Mark Powicki, Steve Messineo, Rick Watson and Sara Floros, Frits Pennings, and the faculty and amazing students of the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Medicine is a challenge I have fortunately not had to meet alone. Thanks to my parents, Frank and Angela (Jean); my brother, John, and his family, Marylou, Cate, and Jane; Frank, Mary Anne, Diane, and David Christian; the Diana and Hymie Lipschitz family; and the Bob and Ruth Pabreza family; they are responsible for who I am and my success in life.

I am blessed with the best of friends; without them, I would not be a physician. Thanks to Bob Bacic; Ron Jautz; Richard Onorato; John Horcher; Auguste Turnier; Bob Smith; Paul Saivetz; Bob and Nancy Gallinaro; Drew and Jill Grimes; Louay Toma; Laurie, Alan, Daniel, Jenny, and Matt Bugos; Alan Ehrlich; Andy Jennings; Bill Demianiuk; Mark Steenbergen; John and Kathleen Polanowicz; Phil and Carol Pettine; Mark and Linda Shelton; Steve Bennett; Vicki Triolo; Bob and Laurie Jenal; and Michael Bernatchez.

—Frank J. Domino, MD

Contributing Authors

Francisca Abanyie-Bimbo, MD, MPH
Medical Epidemiologist
Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria—Malaria Branch
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Atlanta, Georgia

Adil Abdalla, MD
Department of Gastroenterology
CHI Health
Omaha, Nebraska

Thomas L. Abell, MD
Arthur M. Schoen, MD Chair in Gastroenterology
Department of Gastroenterology
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Arabelle Abellard, MD, MSc
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Hanadi Abou Dargham, MD
Family Physician, Hospitalist
St. Joseph Medical Center
Stockton, California

Kevin T. Abraham, MD
University of Massachusetts Worcester
Family Medicine Residency
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Ronald N. Adler, MD, FAAFP
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Dayyan M. Adoor, MD†
Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar
Doha, Qatar

Faraz Ahmad, MD, MPH†
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Hiba Ahmad, PharmD†
Clinical Oncology Pharmacist II
Department of Women’s Health (Breast and Gynecology Oncology)
Smilow Cancer Hospital
Yale-New Haven Health
New Haven, Connecticut

Nadir Ahmad, MD, FACS
Division Head Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Director
Head & Neck Cancer Program
Associate Professor
Cooper University Hospital
MD Anderson at Cooper Cancer Center
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Camden, New Jersey

Sumera R. Ahmad, MD†
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center and Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Yasir Ahmed, MD
Dallas, Pennsylvania

Yousef Ahmed, MD†
Undersea Medical Officer
Naval Special Warfare Group ONE
Coronado, California

Monica Ajinkya, MD
MedStar Health/Georgetown-Washington Hospital Center Family Medicine
Colmar Manor, Maryland

Assim AlAbdulKader, MD, MPH
Chief Resident Family & Preventive Medicine Residency Program
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

Karla M. Alba, MD
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Pedro Emilio Alcedo, MD†
Department of Internal Medicine
McGovern Medical School
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

Ahmed Aldabdob, MD
Internal Medicine
Flint, Michigan

Rahma Ali Aldhaheri, MD
Research Fellow
Department of Gastroenterology
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia

Abdul Aleem, MD†
Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Department of Internal Medicine
Lehigh Valley Health Network
Allentown, Pennsylvania

Fozia Akhtar Ali, MD
Associate Professor/Clinical Family & Community Medicine Department
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Francis Allinson, MD
Resident
Department of Medicine
Scripps Green
San Diego, California

Richard W. Allinson, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
The Texas A&M University System
Health Sciences Center
College Station, Texas
Senior Staff Physician
Department of Ophthalmology
Baylor Scott & White Clinic
Waco, Texas

Paul M. Allred, MD
Resident Physician
Family Medicine
Tripler Army Medical Center
Honolulu, Hawaii

Lolwa Al-Obaid, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Roberto S. Amado, MD
Fitchburg Family Medicine Residency Program
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Pius Ogenyi Ameh, BM, BCh
Fellow West African College of Physicians
Family Medicine Head of Department
Accident and Emergency
Federal Medical Centre
Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, West Africa

Garland E. Anderson II, MD
Clinical Professor of Family Medicine
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans
Rural Family Medicine Program, Gratis
Our Lady of the Angels Hospital
Bogalusa, Louisiana

Tanya E. Anim, MD
Fellow in Women’s Health with Obstetrics Focus
Florida Hospital Family Medicine Residency Program
Winter Park, Florida

Shari Anthony, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Bayfront Family Health Center
St. Petersburg, Florida

Katyayini Aribindi, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

Ann M. Aring, MD, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
OhioHealth Riverside Family Medicine Residency Program
Adjunct Clinical Professor
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Columbus, Ohio

James J. Arnold, DO, FACOFP, FAAFP†
Director
Osteopathic Education
Eglin Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Michael J. Arnold, MD†
Assistant Professor
Family Medicine Department
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Adriana Arocha, MD
Resident
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine
San Antonio, Texas

Hadi Atassi, DO†
Internal Medicine Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Kimberly Atianzar, MD†
Medical Director
Structural Heart
Medical Director of Structural Imaging
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Charles Atkinson, MD
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Clinic
Cornelius, North Carolina

Maximos Attia, MD, FAAFP
Core Faculty
Guthrie/Robert Packer Hospital Family Medicine Residency Program
Clinical Assistant Professor
Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine
Medical Director
Guthrie Sayre Walk-in Clinic
Medical Director
Guthrie Anti-Coagulation Clinics
Sayre, Pennsylvania

Sandra S. Augusto, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Trent J. Auguston, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Sudeep K. Aulakh, MD
Director, Ambulatory Education
Baystate Internal Medicine Residency
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School–Baystate Baystate Health
Springfield, Massachusetts

Swati Avashia, MD, FAAP, FACP, ABIHM
Internal Medicine/Pediatrics
Assistant Professor
Division of Family Medicine
Department of Population Health
Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin
Austin, Texas

Jennifer L. Ayres, PhD
Director of Behavioral Health Services
Dell Medical School Family Medicine Residency Program
University of Texas at Austin
Austin, Texas

Sanaa Ayyoub, MD
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Holly L. Baab, MD
Associate Director
Family Medicine Residency
Bayfront Health St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Florida

Franklyn C. Babb, MD, FAAFP
Associate Professor
Clerkship Director, Family Medicine Department of Family Medicine
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine
Lubbock, Texas

Elisabeth L. Backer, MD
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Emily R. Backes, MD, MA
Fellow
Department of Pediatric Cardiology
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Melissa Badowski, PharmD, MPH
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy
Chicago, Illinois

Christy L. Baggett, DO
Department of Family Medicine
Mayo Clinic Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

Maryse Emmerencia Bakouetila, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Robert A. Baldor, MD, FAAFP
Professor and Senior Vice-Chairman
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jonathan R. Ballard, MD, MPH, MPhil†
Associate Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Lebanon, New Hampshire

Kenneth A. Ballou, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of California at Riverside School of Medicine
Riverside, California

Krishna M. Baradhi, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology
University of Oklahoma, School of Community Medicine
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Elise J. Barney, DO†
Nephrologist and Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine of Midwestern University
Glendale, Arizona

John P. Barrett, MD, MPH, MS, FAAFP, FACPM†
COL, MC, USA
Associate Professor
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Khalid Bashir, MD
Division Chief and Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine, Renal Division
Creighton University School of Medicine
Associate Director
CHI Nephrology
CHI Health Clinic
Omaha, Nebraska

Janani Baskaran, MBBS†
Internal Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Jonathan S. Bassett, MD†
Faculty Physician
Eglin Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base
Valparaiso, Florida

Erin Bassett-Novoa, MD†
Greater Lawrence Family Residency
Lawrence, Massachusetts

Stuart H. Batten, MD†
Resident Physician
Womack Family Medicine Residency
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Jennifer L. Bauer, MD†
Second Year Medical Resident
Family Medicine Residency Program
David Grant Medical Center
Fairfield, California

Scott Baumgartner, MPAS
The George Washington University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Washington, District of Columbia

Zachary L. Baxter, DO
Battalion Surgeon
3d Battalion 4th Marines

Kameron Bazmi, MD
Sports Medicine Fellow Physician
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York

Kenneth Beer, MD†
Beer Dermatology
West Palm Beach, Florida

Hershey S. Bell, MD, MS, FAAFP
Professor
Vice President of Academic Affairs and Dean
Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine School of Pharmacy
Erie, Pennsylvania and Bradenton, Florida

Paul P. Belliveau, PharmD
Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Science University
Worcester, Massachusetts

Brittney Benjamin, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Bayfront Health
St. Petersburg, Florida

Sara Berry, DO
Resident Physician
ProHealth Care
Waukesha, Wisconsin

Sanna R. Bhajjan, DO
First Year Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Ghazaleh Bigdeli, MD, FCCP
Pulmonary Rehab Associates
Youngstown, Ohio

Stephanie J. Billings, MD
Family Medicine
Holyoke Health Center
Holyoke, Massachusetts

Laura B. Bishop, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine/ Pediatrics
Associate Program Director
Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Residency Program
Director
Department of Louisville Lectures
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Shawn M. Bishop, MD
Eglin Family Medicine Residency Clinic
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Eric P. Blazar, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine
Vineland, New Jersey

Lewis S. Blevins Jr., MD
Professor of Neurological Surgery and Medicine
Director
California Center for Pituitary Disorders at University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Aaron Bolduc, MD
Department of Surgery
Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Kimberly Bombaci, MD
Faculty
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Diana Bonaccorsi, DO†
Clinical Faculty
Department of Family Medicine
Amita Saint Joseph Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Robert Bonanno, MD
Family Medicine Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Prisma Health Upstate
Greenville, South Carolina

Marie L. Borum, MD, EdD, MPH, MACP, FACG, AGAF
Professor of Medicine
Director
Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia

Subhasish Bose, MD, FASN
Consultant, Nephrology
Lynchburg Nephrology Associates
Lynchburg, Virginia

Emily Bouley, MD
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Sara Bounader, MD
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Benjamin Bring, DO
Family Medicine
OhioHealth Physician Group
Dublin, Ohio

David T. Broome, MD
Internal Medicine Resident
Clinical Scholars Program (CLIMSCHOP)
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Christine M. Broszko, MD† CPT, USAF, MC
Faculty Physician
Eglin Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Emily Brown, MD
Family Medicine and Community Health
Family Medicine Fitchburg
UMass Medical School
Fitchburg, Massachusetts

Kathryn M. Brown, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Minneapolis, Minnesota

M. Ashleigh Brown, DO
Surgical Resident
Department of General Surgery
Augusta University—Medical College of Georgia
Augusta, Georgia

Phillip Charles Brown, MD
Department of Family Medicine
UCLA Medical Center
Santa Monica, California

Daniella D. Brutman, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Family Medicine
AMITA Health Saint Joseph Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Merima Bucaj, DO, FAAFP
Program Director
Abrazo Health Network
Family Medicine Residency Program
Phoenix, Arizona

Nitin Budhwar, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Bonnie A. Buechel, MD, MS
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Han Q. Bui, MD†
Woodbridge, Virginia

Jacob M. Burdett, DO
Otolaryngology and Facial Plastics Resident
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Kristina Burgers, MD, FAAFP†
Associate Program Director
Family Medicine Residency
Womack Army Medical Center
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Liam P. Burke, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Harold J. Bursztajn, MD
Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Part-time
Co-founder, Program in Psychiatry and the Law
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Department of Psychiatry
Harvard Medical School
President
The American Unit of the UNESCO Bioethics Chair
Boston, Massachusetts

David C. Cadena Jr., MD†
Assistant Clinical Professor
Medical Director of PA Clinic
Primary Care Center
University of Texas Health San Antonio
Long School of Medicine
San Antonio, Texas

Boris Calderon, DO
Department of Internal Medicine
Southeastern Health
Lumberton, North Carolina

Caroline R. Campbell, MD†
Department of General Surgery
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Stephen Carek, MD CAQSM
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of South Carolina School of Medicine – Greenville
Greenville, South Carolina

Samuel B. Carli, MD
Physician, Internal Medicine
PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center
Vancouver, Washington

Robert T. Carlisle, MD, MPH†
Faculty Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Tripler Army Medical Center
Honolulu, Hawaii

Francis Carro-Cruz, MD
Internal Medicine Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
George Washington University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia

Dana G. Carroll, PharmD, BCPS, CDE, BCGP
Clinical Professor
Department of Family, Internal and Rural Medicine
University of Alabama
Pharmacy Practice Department
Auburn University
Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Kitty Carter-Wicker, MD†
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Morehouse School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Sara Casey, DO
Assistant Professor
UMass Memorial Health Care
Worcester, Massachusetts

Casandra Cashman, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Director
Community East Family Medicine Residency Program
Indianapolis, Indiana

Jean Khara G. Casillan, RN, MD†
Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Mary Cataletto, MD, FAAP, FCCP
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Stony Brook University, School of Medicine
Stony Brook, New York
New York University-Winthrop Hospital
Mineola, New York

Erin Cathcart, MD, MPH
Resident Physician
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Jeanne M. Cawse-Lucas, MD
Associate Professor
Theodore J. Phillips Endowed Professor of Family Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
University of Washington
School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

Jan Cerny, MD, PhD†
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Medicine
Division of Hematology/Oncology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Olga Cerón, MD†
Staff Ophthalmologist
Reliant Medical Group
Worcester, Massachusetts

Joumana Chaiban, MD, FACE
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Internal Medicine Residents Research Director
Internal Medicine Department
Endocrinology Division
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Cindy J. Chambers, MD, MAS, MPH
Department of Dermatology
UC Davis Health System
Sacramento, California

Ronald G. Chambers Jr., MD, FAAFP†
Program Director, DIO, Dignity Health Methodist Family Medicine Residency Program of Sacramento
Chair, Family Medicine Department
Medical Director, Mercy Family Health Center and Mercy Human Trafficking Clinic
Physician Advisor, Human Trafficking Response
Chief, South Sacramento Hill Physicians
Sacramento, California

Sangili Chandran, MD, MS(ortho)
Director Primary Care Sports Medicine
Advocate Christ Family Medicine Residency Program
Hometown, Illinois

Jennifer G. Chang, MD†
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Juliana Chang, MD
Rheumatology Fellow
University of California, Irvine
Orange, California

Felix B. Chang Cruz, MD, FAAMA, ABIHM
Inpatient Service Director
University of Massachusetts Fitchburg Family Medicine Residency Program
University of Massachusetts Health Alliance Leominster Hospital
Associate Professor
University of Massachusetts Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Academic Hospitalist
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Group
Leominster, Massachusetts

Jason Chao, MD, MS
Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals
Cleveland Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Kathya M. Chartre, MD†
St. Joseph Hospital/University of Illinois at Chicago Program Faculty
Department of Family Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

Sirmad B. Chaudhary, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Crystal Haydee Chavez, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Karan Chawla, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
The George Washington University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia

Angela T. Cheriyan, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Fairouz L. Chibane, MD†
General Surgery Resident
Department of General Surgery
Augusta University Medical Center
Augusta, Georgia

Justin J. Chin, DO
Resident Physician
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Robin S. Chirackal, MBBS
Resident
Department of Family Medicine Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Edwin Y. Choi, MD†
Assistant Program Director
Department of Family Medicine Residency
Womack Army Medical Center
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

WonSeok William Choi, BA
The George Washington University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Washington, District of Columbia

Efstathia Choros, MD, CPA
Chief Resident
Hahnemann Family Health Center
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Monzurul H. Chowdhury, MD
Renal Fellow
Department of Renal Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Vasilios Chrisostomidis, DO
Associate Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Dean A. Christian, MD
Medical Director
Geisinger Health Plan
Danville, Pennsylvania

Marissa T. Christian, PharmD
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist
Solid Organ Transplant
Department of Pharmacy
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Kaitlynn Christiansen, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Gustavo Churrango, MD
Gastroenterology
UMass Memorial Health Care
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Joseph Cioffi, MD
Department of Medicine
George Washington University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia

S. Lindsey Clarke, MD, FAAFP†
Medical University of South Carolina Area Health Education Consortium
Professor (Greenwood/Family Medicine)
Director of Resident Education and Associate Program Director
Self Regional Healthcare
Greenwood, South Carolina

Karl T. Clebak, MD, FAAFP†
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State College of Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania

George Clement, MD† , CPT, MC
Family Medicine Resident
Womack Army Medical Center
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Roselyn Jan W. Clemente-Fuentes, MD, FAAFP†
Family Medicine Faculty Physician
Eglin Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Kara M. Coassolo, MD
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Lehigh Valley Health Network
Allentown, Pennsylvania

Mauricio G. Cohen, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Professor of Medicine
Director, Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

Jason E. Cohn, DO†
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck, Facial Plastic Surgery
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Timothy J. Coker, MD, FAAFP†
Chief of Medical Staff
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado

Sarah Coles, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family, Community, and Preventive Medicine
University of Arizona College of Medicine—Phoenix
Phoenix, Arizona

Irene Coletsos, MD
Cape Cod Hospital
Hyannis, Massachusetts

Kathryn L. Collins, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Surgery
Nassau University Medical Center
East Meadow, New York

Karla Vega Colon, MD
Assistant Professor
Student Site Coordinator
Uniformed Services University
Family Medicine Residency Faculty Physician
Tripler Army Medical Center
Honolulu, Hawaii

Christina Colosimo, DO, MS
General Surgery Residency
Sky Ridge Medical Center
Lone Tree, Colorado

Stephanie L. Conway-Allen, PharmD, RPh
Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
University Worcester, Massachusetts

Ronald L. Cook, DO, MBA
Braddock Chairman
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Medicine
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
School of Medicine
Lubbock, Texas

Brandon D. Coons, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Daniel L. Cornish, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Jennifer M. Cornwell, DO†
Family Practice Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Irwin Army Community Hospital
Fort Riley, Kansas

Glency Sue Marie S. Corominas, MD†
Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

May Jean Counsilman, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Urology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chloe S. Courchesne, MD
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Paul Crawford, MD†
COL, USAF, MC
Director of Medical Education and Designated Institutional Official
Professor of Family Medicine
99th Medical Group
Mike O’Callaghan Military Medical Center
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada

Dustin Creech, MD
Air Force Medicine—Scott Belleville Family Medicine Clinic
Belleville, Illinois

Julie A. Creech, DO†
Eglin Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Jason R. Croad, DO
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Steven J. Crosby, MA, BSP, RPh, FASCP
Assistant Dean of Student Engagement and Success
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Office of the Dean
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Boston, Massachusetts

Jason E. Cross, PharmD†
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Worcester, Massachusetts
Assistant Director
Pharmacy Residency
Baystate Health Medical Center
Springfield, Massachusetts

Juliana Zamora Cubillos, MD
Resident
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine
San Antonio, Texas

Hongyi Cui, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Associate Director, Acute Care Surgery
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Emily M. Culliney, MD, FAAFP† Major, MC, USAF
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine Uniformed Services
University of Health Sciences
Department of Family Medicine
Saint Louis University
Family Medicine Residency Program
Belleville, Illinois

Yulibeth Curbelo Peña, MD
Rehabilitation Department
Vall D’Hebron Hospital
Barcelona, Spain

Yuhamy Curbelo-Peña, MD†
Department of General Surgery
Vic University Hospital
Vic, Barcelona, Spain

Cragin D. Currence, MD
General Surgery Resident
Spartanburg Regional Health System
Spartanburg, South Carolina

Tina D’Amato, DO
Attending Family Physician
Charlotte Family Medicine
Charlotte, Vermont

William Dabbs, MD
Assistant Professor and Clerkship Director
Department of Family Medicine
University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine
Knoxville, Tennessee

Apaar Dadlani, MD, MBBS
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Zehra Dahlvani, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Michael Dakkak, DO
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Sugar Land, Texas

Natalie T. Dal’Bo, MD, BSc
Resident Physician
Internal Medicine Residency
Beth Israel Lahey Health
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Heather A. Dalton, MD†
Assistant Program Director
Faculty Family Medicine Physician
Department of Family Medicine
David Grant Medical Center Family Medicine Residency
Travis Air Force Base, California

Paul E. Daniel Jr., MD†
Hospitalist
Assistant Professor Family Medicine
University of Massachusetts Memorial Healthcare
Worcester, Massachusetts

Akhil Das, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Urology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Adrian DaSilva-DeAbreu, MD
Fellow
John Ochsner Heart & Vascular Institute
New Orleans, Louisiana

Jenny Davé, MD, MS
Internal Medicine Resident
George Washington University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia

Dawn M. Davis, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Family and Community Medicine
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

Aimee Dawson, PharmD
Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Worcester, Massachusetts

Iain W. Decker, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Ophthalmology Kettering Health Network Grandview
Medical Center Dayton, Ohio

Johan W. Sosa De La Cruz, MD
LaSalle, Illinois

Renee F. del Carmen, MD
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Henry Del Rosario, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Konstantinos E. Deligiannidis, MD, MPH, FAAFP
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Hempstead, New York

Deborah M. DeMarco, MD, FACP
Senior Associate Dean of Clinical Affairs
Associate Dean of Graduate Medical Education
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Professor of Medicine
Division of Rheumatology
Worcester, Massachusetts

Melissa Dennis, MD
Vice Chairman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Diana Desai, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor of Pathology at the Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medcine at Hofstra/Northwell
Department of Pathology
Staten Island University Hospital-Northwell Health
Staten Island, New York

Sara M. DeSpain, MD†
Chief Resident
Family Medicine Residency
Offutt Air Force Base
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Harish C. Devineni, MD†
Department of Cardiology
East Carolina University/Vidant Medical Center
Greenville, North Carolina

Henry DeYoung, MD†
Lieutenant, VFA-106 Flight Surgeon
Department of Aviation Medicine
Virginia Beach, Virginia

Rachel Dhani, MD
Bayfront Health
St. Petersburg Family Medicine Residency
St. Petersburg, Florida

Scott David Diamond, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Daniel R. DiBlasi, DO†
Resident
Department of Dermatology
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Bethesda, Maryland

Andrew Dinh, DO
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Radoslava Djigrova, DO
Family Medicine
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Clinic
Cornelius, North Carolina

John M. Doan, DO†
USAF, Flight Surgeon
Moody Air Force Base, Georgia

Sarah S. Dolbear, MD†
USAF, Flight Surgeon
Moody Air Force Base, Georgia

Lorena C. Dollani, MD
Internal Medicine/Dermatology
Georgetown University Hospital/
Washington Hospital Center
Washington, District of Columbia

Jason Domagalski, MD
Assistant Professor
Family Medicine, Primary Care
Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Frank J. Domino, MD
Professor and Director of Predoctoral Education
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Ryan J. Dono, MD
Core Faculty at Lawrence Family Medicine Residency
Greater Lawrence Family Health Center
Lawrence, Massachusetts

Maurice Duggins, MD
Associate Director
Ascension Via Christi FM Residency
Clinical Associate Professor
Kansas University School of Medicine—Wichita
Ascension Via Christi Hospitals
Wichita, Kansas

Folami Duncan, MD
Pediatric Residency Program Children’s National
Washington, District of Columbia

Noel Dunn, MD†
Staff Physician
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Maegen V. Dupper, MD†
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of California, Riverside School of Medicine
Riverside, California

Muhammad Durrani, DO, MS†
Department of Emergency Medicine
Inspira Medical Center
Vineland, New Jersey

Safiya Elahi, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

William G. Elder, PhD
Chair and Clinical Professor
Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences
University of Houston College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Pamela Ellsworth, MD
Chief, Division of Urology
Professor of Urology
Nemours Children’s Hospital
University of Central Florida College of Medicine
Orlando, Florida

Sara Elsayed, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
MSU/MidMichigan Medical Center – Gratiot Family Medicine Residency
Program Alma, Michigan

Deborah R. Erlich, MD, MMedEd, FAAFP
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Family Medicine Clerkship Director
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Daniel A. Ermann, MD†
Internal Medicine Resident
Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Donald J. Fahey-Ahrndt, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Minnesota Medical School
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Stephanie M. Fall, MD
Psychiatry Resident
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

Pang-Yen Fan, MD
Professor of Medicine
Division of Renal Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Blake Farber, MBBS
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Daniel J. Farkas, MD, MPH
Fellow
Division of Gastroenterology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Boston, Massachusetts

William G. Farkas, DO, FS†
MAJ, MC
Battalion Flight Surgeon
3rd General Support Aviation Battalion
82nd Combat Aviation Brigade
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Mark A. Farnie, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
McGovern Medical School
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

Umer Farooq, MD†
Medical Director Behavioral Health Emergency Service
Department of Psychiatry
Mather Memorial Hospital
NorthWell Health Care
Port Jefferson, New York

Aelia Fatima, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Ayesha Fatima, MBBS
Department of Psychiatry
Griffin Memorial Hospital
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Rhonda A. Faulkner, PhD†
Director of Behavioral Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Saint Joseph Hospital
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine Master Affiliate
Chicago, Illinois

Jeffrey P. Feden, MD, FACEP
Associate Professor, Clinician Educator
Department of Emergency Medicine
The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Ryan B. Feeney, PharmD, BCPS, BCGP
Clinical Pharmacist
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Neil Feldman, DPM†
Fellow
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Diplomate
American Board of Podiatric Surgery
Central Massachusetts Podiatry, PC
Worcester, Massachusetts

James Auteri Ferguson, MD, MPH, CPH
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

Kathy Ferrer, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Infectious Disease, Special Immunology Section
Division of Hospitalist Medicine
Global Health Initiative
Children’s National Health System
The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Washington, District of Columbia

Elizabeth Marie Ferruzzi, MD
Family Medicine Physician
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Scott A. Fields, MD, MHA
Adjunct Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Matthew J. Filippo, DO
Chief Psychiatry Resident
Department of Psychiatry
Advocate Lutheran General Hospital
Park Ridge, Illinois

Stanley Fineman, MD
Adjunct Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Atlanta Allergy & Asthma
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Megan Finneran, MS, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
Advocate BroMenn Medical Center
Normal, Illinois

Theodore B. Flaum, DO, FACOFP
Associate Professor
Department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine
Attending Physician
Academic Health Care Center
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Joseph A. Florence, MD
Professor and Director of Rural Programs
Department of Family Medicine
East Tennessee State University
James H. Quillen College of Medicine
Johnson City, Tennessee

Emily K. Flores, PharmD, BCPS
Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Gatton College of Pharmacy
Adjunct Faculty
Department of Family Medicine
Quillen College of Medicine
East Tennessee State University
Johnson City, Tennessee

Michael Flynn, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Obstetrics/Gynecology
Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jay Fong, MD†
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Division of Gastroenterology, Nutrition, and Hepatology
University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Phillip Fournier, MD
Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Isadora Fox, MSN, RN, PMHNP, APRN-BC
Austin PsychCare
Austin, Texas

Robert L. Frachtman, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin
Austin Gastroenterology, PA
Austin, Texas

Daniel Frasca, DO
Eisenhower Army Medical Center
Fort Gordon, Georgia

Minjin K. Fromm, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Stephanie Fulleborn, MD
Family Medicine Physician
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Steven W. Gale, MD†
Prevea Health
De Pere, Wisconsin

Curtis L. Galke, DO
Assistant Professor
Family and Community Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas
Associate Program Director, Family Medicine Residency
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Antonio—Rio Grande Valley-Doctors Hospital at Renaissance
Edinburg, Texas

Amy Gallardo, FNP-C
Norfolk, Virginia

Luis T. Garcia, MD
Chairman and Residency Program Director
Family Medicine
Amita Saint Joseph Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD
Department of Leukemia
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

William T. Garrison, PhD†
Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Francis G. Gause, MD
Family Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington

John N. Gayk, MD†
Family Medicine Resident
Eglin Air Force Base Family Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Michelle A. Georgia, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts

Fereshteh Gerayli, MD, FAAFP
Professor of Family Medicine
Johnson City Family Medicine Residency Program
James H. Quillen College of Medicine
East Tennessee State University
Johnson City, Tennessee

Anastasia N. Gevas, DO
Internal Medicine
Southeastern Regional Medical Center
Lumberton, North Carolina

Kelli M. Gevas, MD†
Obstetrics/Gynecology Physician
Trinity Mount Carmel Hospital System
Columbus, Ohio

Evangelos Giakoumatos, MD, MSc
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Lawrence M. Gibbs, MD, MSEd, FAAFP
Faculty
Family Medicine Residency Program
Methodist Charlton Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Marzena Gieniusz, MD
Faculty Attending Physician
Department of Medicine
Division of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine
North Shore University Hospital and LIJ Medical Center
Northwell Health
Assistant Professor
Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Manhasset, New York

Cameron S. Gilbert, MD†
USAF, CSARME Flight Surgeon
Moody Air Force Base, Georgia

Andrew Gillis-Smith, MD
UMassMemorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Daniel V. Girzadas Jr., MD, RDMS
Director of Faculty Development
Department of Emergency Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Joseph B. Gladwell, MD, CPHQ, CPPS†
Medical Director of Quality and Safety
Assistant Program Director
Family Medicine
OhioHealth Riverside Methodist Hospital
Columbus, Ohio

Gerald Gleich, MD†
Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Krystyna Guinevere Golden, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base Hospital
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Jeremy Golding, MD, FAAFP
Professor of Family Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Quality Officer
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Memorial Health Care
Hahnemann Family Health Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Mercedes E. Gonzalez, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Department of Dermatology
Medical Director
Pediatric Dermatology of Miami
Miami, Florida

Herbert P. Goodheart, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Dermatology
Mount Sinai College of Medicine in New York City
New York, New York
Director of Dermatology
Elmhurst Hospital Center
Queens, New York

Dónal Kevin Gordon, MD, FAAFP
Executive Director/Program Director
Cedar Rapids Family Medicine Residency
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Iowa College of Medicine
Iowa City, Iowa

Fredric D. Gordon, MD†
Vice-Chair
Division of Transplantation and Hepatobiliary Diseases
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts
Associate Professor in Medicine
Tufts Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Miranda Gordon-Zigel, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cait Goss, MD
Family Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon

Edward A. Gotfried, DO, FACOS†
Director
New York Institute of Technology Center for Global Health
Associate Professor
Department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Samantha Faryn Gottlieb, DO, MS
New York Institute of Technology
College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Ginny L. Gottschalk, MD
Assistant Professor and Family Medicine Clerkship Director
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
Lexington, Kentucky

Jagathi Govindu, MD
Heywood Hospital
Gardner, Massachusetts

Parag Goyal, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiology
Division of General Internal Medicine Department of Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical Center
New York, New York

Jonathan Green, MD, MSCI
General Surgery Resident
Department of General Surgery
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Michael Allen Greene, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Simon B. Griesbach, MD†
Assistant Director
Waukesha Family Medicine Residency
Program Waukesha, Wisconsin

Andrew E. Grimes, MD
Partner
US Anesthesia Partners
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care
Dell Medical School
Austin, Texas

Matthew K. Griswold, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Division of Medical Toxicology
Hartford Hospital
Hartford, Connecticut

Scott P. Grogan, DO, MBA, FAAFP†
Family Medicine Residency Director
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Gena M. Grospe, DO
Department of Family Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Jennifer Grumet, MD
Assistant Professor, Clinical Faculty
Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences; Physician Assistant Studies
Chapman University
Irvine, California

Esther Guard, DO†
Family Medicine Residency Faculty
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Neena R. Gupta, MD†
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Medical Director
Pediatric Kidney Transplant Program
Department of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts Children’s Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Christina S. Gutta, MD
Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellow
Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Prisma Health
Steadman Hawkins Clinic of the Carolinas
Greenville, South Carolina

Reem Hadi, MD
Family Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Nicholas M. Hajj, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Ildiko Halasz, MD
VA Boston Healthcare System
Primary Care Clinic
West Roxbury, Maryland

Cynthia D. Hall, MD†
Associate Professor and Fellowship Director
Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Shadi Hamdeh, MD
Department of Internal Medicine
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Chad Hamner, MD
Medical Director
Department of Pediatric Trauma
Cook Children’s Medical Center
Fort Worth, Texas

Thomas J. Hansen, MD, FAAFP†
Chief Academic Officer
Advocate Health Care
Downers Grove, Illinois

Andrew Harner, MD†
General Surgery Resident
Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Betul A. Hatipoglu, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Staff
Endocrinology & Metabolism Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Courtney Heim, DO
Psychiatry
Advocate Health Care
Park Ridge, Illinois

Cassandra Heiselman, DO, MPH
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cleveland Clinic Akron General
Akron, Ohio

Scott T. Henderson, MD
Director, Medical Services
Student Health Center
University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

Alex M. Hennessey, MD
Resident
Department of Urology
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Farmington, Connecticut

Gina Henry, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Loma Linda University Health Education Consortium
Loma Linda, California

Matthew A. Henry, DO†
CPT, USAF, MC
Staff Family Physician
Joint Base Langley-Eustis
Hampton, Virginia

Matthew E. Herberg, MD†
Chief
Department of Surgery
Associate Professor
Texas A&M College of Medicine
Associate Professor
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center
Fort Hood, Texas

Joshua A. Herring, DO
Resident Physician
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Brian Hertz, MD†
Internal Medicine
Kaiser Permanente
San Rafael, California

Joseph L. Hesse, MD
Resident Physician
University of Texas
Dell Medical School
Family Medicine Program
Austin, Texas

David G. Hicks, MD
Professor and Director of Surgical Pathology
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York

Sarah Hinton, MD
Assistant Medical Director
Center for Family Medicine
Prisma Health
Greenville, South Carolina

Michael P. Hirsh, MD, FACS, FAAP†
Professor of Surgery
Pediatrics, Family Medicine and Quantitative Health Sciences
Surgeon-in-Chief
University of Massachusetts Memorial Children’s Medical Center
Director
Division of Pediatric Surgery and Trauma
Co-Director
Injury Free Coalition for Worcester
Medical Director
John C. Wood II Foundation to Prevent Firearm Injury
Founder
Greater Worcester Goods For Guns Gun Buyback Program
Medical Director
Worcester Division of Public Health
Worcester, Massachusetts

Linh Hoang, MD
Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

N. Wilson Holland, MD, FACP
Adjunct Associate Professor of Medicine
Master Clinician Clinical Distinction
Department of Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Sarah R. Hollis, MD
Family Medicine Resident
University of Cincinnati
The Christ Hospital Family Medicine Residency
Cincinnati, Ohio

Bradley Holman Glenn, MD
Chief Resident
HonorHealth Scottsdale Osborn Family
Medicine Residency
Scottsdale, Arizona

Cody E. Homistek, DO
Chief Resident
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Stanton C. Honig, MD†
Clinical Professor of Urology
Director, Men’s Health
Clinical Lead, Gender Affirming Surgery Program
Department of Urology
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

Maeve K. Hopkins, MD†
Fellow, Maternal–Fetal Medicine
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Michael P. Hopkins, MD, MEd†
Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Northeast Ohio Medical University
Aultman Hospital
Canton, Ohio

Hannah P. Hornsby, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
University of Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska

Muhammad M. Hossain, DO
Family Medicine Resident
Advocate Christ Family Medicine
Hometown, Illinois

James E. Hougas III, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Professor
Faculty
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
St. John’s Family Medicine Residency
University of Minnesota Medical School
St. Paul, Minnesota

Steven A. House, MD, FAAFP, FAAHPM
Professor
Department of Family & Geriatric Medicine
University of Louisville
Program Director
Glasgow Family Medicine Residency Program
University of Louisville/Glasgow
Glasgow, Kentucky

Dennis E. Hughes, DO, FAAFP, FACEP
360 Degree Medicine
Branson, Missouri

Pamela R. Hughes, MD†
Mike O’Callaghan Military Medical Center
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada

Carol H. Hungerford, DO†
Family Medicine Resident
Nellis Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency
Mike O’Callaghan Federal Medical Center
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada

John C. Huscher, MD
Associate Professor and Associate Program Director
Family Medicine Residency, Rural Training Track
University of Nebraska Medical School
Norfolk, Nebraska

Nida Hussain, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Adedapo Iluyomade, MD, MBA
Cardiovascular Disease Fellow
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

Herbert J. Ingraham, MD
Chairman
Geisinger Eye Institute
Geisinger Health System
Danville, Pennsylvania

Kimberly Insel, MD, MPH
Director of Fellowship Programs
Department of Family Medicine
St. Anthony Family Medicine Residency
Westminster, Colorado

Jamal Islam, MD, MS†
Associate Professor and Assistant Director of Residency Program
Department of Family Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas

Pablo I. Hernandez Itriago, MD, MHCM, FAAFP
Chief Medical Officer/Assistant Professor
Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jacqueline R. Ivey-Brown, MD, FACP
Associate Program Director
Internal Medicine Residency Program
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Illinois at Chicago
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Tiphany Jackson, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Anna James, DO
Honorhealth Family Medicine Residency
Scottsdale, Arizona

Sarah Jamshed, MD
Department of Pathology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Melissa Jefferis, MD, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Riverside Methodist Hospital Family Medicine Residency Program
Columbus, Ohio

Dana R. Jenkins, DNP
Family Nurse Practitioner
Department of Soldier Care
Connelly Health Clinic
Fort Gordon, Georgia

Justin Jenkins, DO, MBA†
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine
Knoxville, Tennessee

Tarang P. Jethwa, MD, MS
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida

Nasheena Jiwa, MD
Chief Resident
Internal Medicine Residency Program
St. Mary’s Hospital Yale University School of Medicine
Trinity Health of New England
Waterbury, Connecticut

Anub G. John, MD
Interventional Cardiology Fellow
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Shawn J. John, MBBS, BSc Hons
Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Christen D. Johnson, MD, MPH
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Jessica Johnson, MD, MPH
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Brown University
Thundermist Health Center
Woonsocket and Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Tisha K. Johnson, MD, MPH†
Assistant Professor
Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health
University of Kentucky College of Public Health
Lexington, Kentucky

Caitlin E. Jones, MD
General Surgery Resident
Department of Surgery
Medical College of Georgia
Augusta, Georgia

Collin R. Jones, MD
Department of Family Medicine
Mayo Clinic Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

Stacy L. Jones, MD, FASA
Vice Chair for Operations
Department of Anesthesiology
The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas

Melody A. Jordahl-Iafrato, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Program Director
Community Hospital East Family Medicine Residency Program
Indianapolis, Indiana

Seena Mariate Jose, MD
Family Medicine Resident
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Nisarg Joshi, MD, BS
Resident Physician
Department of Ophthalmology
Geisinger Eye Institute
Danville, Pennsylvania

Patrick Wakefield Joyner, MD, MS†
OrthoCollier
Department of Sports Medicine & Orthopaedic Surgery
Naples, Florida

Alexandra Jubran, DO, MPH
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Loma Linda University Health Education Consortium
Loma Linda, California

Tipsuda Junsanto-Bahri, MD
Chair
Basic Biomedical Sciences
Assistant Professor
Pathology and Internal Medicine
Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine
New York, New York

Brock Kabat, MD
Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Natasha S. Kadakia, DO†
Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Hospital
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Michael B. Kalinowski, DO, MS†
Internal Medicine Resident
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Uruj Kamal, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Outpatient Psychiatry
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Lovella Duru Kanu, MD
Faculty Attending Physician
Family Medicine Residency Program
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Amar Kapur, DO†
CPT, MC, USA
Medical Director JBER–Soldier-Centered Medical Home
Fort Richardson, Alaska

Rahul Kapur, MD, CAQSM
Assistant Professor
Family Medicine and Sports Medicine
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
St. John’s Family Medicine Residency Program
University of Minnesota Sports Medicine
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota

Praneeth Katrapati, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Prashanth S. Katrapati, MD, FACC
Attending Cardiologist
Department of Cardiology at Providence Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas

Simranjeet Kaur, MD
Creighton University Family Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Ryan Kavilaveettil, DO
Internal Medicine Resident
Southeastern Regional Medical Center
Lumberton, North Carolina

Clara M. Keegan, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Vermont Medical Center
Burlington, Vermont

Jennifer Tickal Keehbauch, MD, FAAFP†
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
University of Vermont Medical Center
Burlington, Vermont

John Kerr, DO
Resident
Department of Otolaryngology
OhioHealth Doctors Hospital
Columbus, Ohio

Tarun Kewalramani, MD
Department of Hematology and Oncology
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Ali A. Khan, MD, MPH
Resident Physician
Internal Medicine
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia

Umair Usman Khan, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University Family Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Barbara M. Kiersz Muller, DO
Family and Osteopathic Medicine
Physician
Austin Regional Clinic—Far West
Austin, Texas

Hyunyoung Kim, MD, MPH
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Judy Lu Kim, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Walter M. Kim, MD, PhD
Associate Physician/Instructor
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Brian J. Kimbrell, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Florida
Trauma Medical Director
Medical Director of Critical Care Medicine
Blake Medical Center
Bradenton, Florida

Rebecca M. King, MD
Resident Physician
Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Cecilia M. Kipnis, MD, FAAFP†
Assistant Program Director
Naval Hospital Jacksonville Family Medicine Residency
Naval Hospital Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida

Ann Klega, MD
Director, Woman’s Health Fellowship
AdventHealth Family Medicine Residency Program
Winter Park, Florida

Laura K. Klug, PharmD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Pharmacy Practice
School of Pharmacy and Health Professions
Department of Family Medicine
School of Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Egle Klugiene, MD
Physician, Family Medicine
MidMichigan Health
University of Michigan Health System
Midland, Michigan

Aimee Kobjack, MD
Resident
Family Medicine and Community Health
Family Medicine Worcester
UMass School of Medicine
Hahnemann Family Health Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Sharon L. Koehler, DO, FACS†
Assistant Professor, Breast Surgery
Department of Clinical Specialties
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Ashley Nicole Koontz, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Scott E. Kopec, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Director of Pulmonary and Critical Care Fellowship
Associate Director
Internal Medicine Residency
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Rita A. Kostecke, MD
Family Medicine
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Robert J. Krause, MD, MPH, CIME†
Aerospace and Occupational Medicine
Department Head
Operational and Aviation Medicine
Branch Clinic Oceana
Naval Medical Center
Portsmouth, Maine

Merrill Krolick, DO, FACC, FACP, FSCAI†
Director of Cardiac
International Fellowship
Largo Medical Center
Largo, Florida

Kristine J. Krueger, MD
Professor of Medicine
Interim Chair, Department of Medicine
Chief of Academic and Clinical Affairs, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

David W. Kruse, MD
Orthopaedic Specialty Institute
Associate Faculty
Long Beach Memorial Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship
Orange, California

E. James Kruse, DO
Associate Professor of Surgery
Chief of Surgical Oncology Section Department of Surgery
Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Kevin Kucharski, DO
Emergency Medicine Resident
Inspira Health
Vineland, New Jersey

Jeffrey D. Kueter, MD, FAAFP†
Col, MC, USAF
Family Medicine Faculty Physician
Eglin Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Christina N. Kufel, DO, MS
Resident
Obstetrics and Gynecology Aultman Hospital
Canton, Ohio

Keshav Kukreja, MD†
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

Mukund Kumar, MBBS
Department of Internal Medicine
Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Christina Kunycky, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jason Kurland, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Renal Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Daniel B. Kurtz, PhD, BS†
Associate Professor and Chair, Biology Utica College
Utica, New York

Melinda Y. Kwan, DO, MPH
Urgent Care/Family Medicine Physician
Urgent Care Department
Southwest Medical Associates
Las Vegas, Nevada

Kiet T. La, MD
Resident Physician
Family Medicine Residency
Bayfront Health St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Florida

Rita M. Lahlou, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

John E. Laird, MD, FAAFP, FAAMA
CDR, MC, USN
Assistant Professor
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Department of Family Medicine
Naval Hospital, Guam

R. Aaron Lambert, MD, FAAFP
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Cabarrus Family Medicine Residency Program
Concord, North Carolina

J.E. Lambrecht, MD, PharmD, FACP, FSHM
Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Stephen K. Lane, MD
Scituate Family Practice
Healthcare South, PC
Scituate, Massachusetts

Deborah A. Lardner, DO, DTM&H
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
New York Institute of Technology Center for Global Health
Old Westbury, New York

Shane L. Larson, MD
Assistant Professor, Family Medicine Uniformed Services
University of the Health Sciences
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Allison Latimore, MD
Family Medicine Residency
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia

Rebecca Lauters, MD
Family Medicine with Obstetrics Staff
Eglin Air Force Base Family Medicine Residency Program
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Justin P. Lavin Jr., MD
Chairman Emeritus Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cleveland Clinic Akron General
Professor Emeritus
Northeastern Ohio Medical University
Akron, Ohio

Kelley V. Lawrence, MD, IBCLC, FAAFP, FABM
Associate Program Director
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Thuy Thanh Thi Le, DO
Internal Medicine Resident
Southeastern Regional Medical Center
Lumberton, North Carolina

Bianca Lee, DO, MS
Nassau University Medical Center
Department of Internal Medicine
East Meadow, New York

Daniel T. Lee, MD, MA
Clinical Professor of Family Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles
Associate Director
University of California Los Angeles Family Medicine Residency Program
Santa Monica, California

David L. Lee, MD
Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Hobart Lee, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Professor
Family Medicine Residency Program Director
Department of Family Medicine
Loma Linda University
Loma Linda, California

F. Stuart Leeds, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
Dayton, Ohio

Angelia Leipelt, BA, IBCLC, ICCE, CLE
Lactation Consultant
Dignity Health Methodist Hospital of Sacramento
Sacramento, California

Elise Leisinger, DO
CPT, MC
Faculty
Womack Family Medicine Residency
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Michelle N. Lende, DO
Cleveland Clinic Akron General
Akron, Ohio

Nikki A. Levin, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Gary I. Levine, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Brody School of Medicine
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Jonathan T. Lin, MD
Instructor in Medicine
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
Weill Cornell Medicine
Nephrologist
The Rogosin Institute
New York, New York

Christopher Lin-Brande, MD
Emergency Services Physician
Osan Air Base, Republic of Korea

Briana Lindberg, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Womack Army Medical Center
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

Stephen W. Line, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin
Austin, Texas

Melanie J. Lippmann, MD
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Brown University
Alpert Medical School
Providence, Rhode Island

Katelin M. Lisenby, PharmD, BCPS
Assistant Clinical Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy
Department of Internal, Family, and Rural Medicine
University of Alabama College of Community Health Sciences
Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Derek Lodico, DO
Associate Professor
F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine
Chief Cardiothoracic Anesthesia
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Bethesda, Maryland

Maria Lombardi, DO
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
New York Medical College
Valhalla, New York

Marissa A. Lombardo, MD
Cardiovascular Medicine Fellow
Department of Cardiology
New York University Langone Health
New York, New York

Maria Cynthia S. Lopez, MD
Director of Community Medicine
Family Medicine Residency Program
Adventist Health White Memorial
Los Angeles, California

Bency K. Louidor-Paulynice, MD
Family Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jessica L. Lowry, PhD
Austin, Texas

Thanh-Ha Luong, MD
Attending
Hematology & Oncology
BronxCare Health System
Bronx, New York

Ryan D. Lurtsema, MD
Family Medicine Residency Program
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
Lubbock, Texas

Alicia G. Lydecker, MD
Assistant Professor
Division of Medical Toxicology
Department of Emergency Medicine
Albany Medical Center
Albany, New York

Ann M. Lynch, PharmD, RPh, AE-C
Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jonathan MacClements, MD, FAAFP
Professor and Assistant Dean of Graduate Medical Education
Designated Institutional Official
Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin
Austin, Texas

Theodore E. Macnow, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatric Emergency
UMass Memorial Children’s Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Douglas W. MacPherson, MD, MSc– CTM, FRCPC
Associate Professor
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine
Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Department of Medicine (Infectious Diseases)
St. Thomas Elgin General Hospital
St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada

Michael Maddaleni, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Andrea Madrigrano, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Michelle Magid, MD, MBA†
President
Austin PsychCare PA
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
University of Texas, Dell Medical School
Austin, Texas

Deepali Maheshwari, DO, MPH
Fellow
Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Christina A. Majd, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Maricarmen Malagon-Rogers, MD
Pediatric Nephrologist
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine
Knoxville, Tennessee

Zaiba Malik, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
Dayton, Ohio

Samir Malkani, MD, MRCP–UK
Professor of Medicine
Diabetes Center of Excellence
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Krishna Manda, MD, MRCP
Renal Medicine
University of Massachusetts Memorial Health Care
Worcester, Massachusetts

Matthew J. Mandell, DO
Internal Medicine Resident Physician
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Eric J. Mao, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California

Wendy K. Marsh, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry Director
Bipolar Disorders and Depression
Specialty Clinics
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Stephen A. Martin, MD, EdM
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Barre Family Health Center University of Massachusetts Medical School
Barre, Massachusetts

Dennis Martinez, DO
Faculty
Department of Internal Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Clinical Instructor
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Marni L. Martinez, APRN
Austin Gastroenterology
Austin, Texas

Sandra Marwill, MD, MPH
Staff Physician
Internal Medicine
Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center
Framingham, Massachusetts

Donnah Mathews, MD
Assistant Professor
Alpert School of Brown University
Medical Director of Clinical Management
Rhode Island Hospital
Chief Compliance Officer
Brown Medicine
Associate Medical Director
Hope Hospice of Rhode Island
Providence, Rhode Island

Samuel E. Mathis, MD†
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas

Douglas M. Maurer, DO, MPH, FAAFP
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Uniformed Services
University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

George Maxted, MD
CPT, USPHS (ret)
Family Medicine and Geriatrics
Associate Clinical Professor
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Beth K. Mazyck, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Frank M. Mazzotta, DO
Clinical Instructor
Family and Community Medicine
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Charles J. McClure, DO
Family Medicine Residency
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Margaret J. McCormick, MS, RN, CNE
Clinical Associate Professor
Towson University
Towson, Maryland

KrisEmily McCrory, MD, FAAFP
Core Faculty
Ellis Family Medicine Residency
Schenectady, New York

Sarah C. McCullough, DO†
Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Andrew J. McDermott, MD, FAAFP
Faculty, Family Medicine Residency Program
Naval Hospital Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida

James McKee, DO, MS
Sports Medicine Fellow
Family Medicine and Community Health
UMass Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Marc W. McKenna, MD
Program Director
Chestnut Hill Family Medicine Residency
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Jaine L. McKenzie, MD
General Surgery Resident
Department of Surgery
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Nathan McLaughlin, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor, Health Sciences
Department of Family Medicine
University of California, Riverside
Riverside, California

Donna-Marie McMahon, DO, FAAP
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Michael McNeely, MD
Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Cody D. Mead, DO
Chief Medical Officer
Raymond W. Bliss Army Health Center
Fort Huachuca, Arizona

Toussaint L. Mears-Clarke, MD
Faculty Physician
Family Medicine Residency Program
Departments of Family Medicine/ Obstetrics & Gynecology
Director of Obstetrics Education
Dignity Health Methodist Hospital of Sacramento
Sacramento, California

Nolberto Adrián Medina-Gallardo, MD, PhD
Digestive and General Surgeon Specialist
Attending of the Department of General Surgery
Hospital Universitari de Vic
Consorci Hospitalari de Vic
Vic, Barcelona, Spain

Gwenesta B. Melton, MD
Consulting Professor
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
Consulting Professor
Duke University Medical Center
Fayetteville, North Carolina

Donna I. Meltzer, MD
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Family, Population & Preventive Medicine
State University of New York Stony Brook
Stony Brook, New York

Caleb J. Mentzer, DO
Assistant Professor
Division of Trauma, Critical Care, & Acute Care Surgery
Spartanburg Medical Center
Spartanburg, South Carolina

Laura Y. Mercurio, MD
Fellow, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Brown University & Hasbro Children’s Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island

Marcelle Meseeha, MD
Internal Medicine Hospitalist
Guthrie/Robert Packer Hospital
Sayre, Pennsylvania

Christopher D. Meyering, DO†
Fort Knox, Kentucky

Stephen E. Meyers, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington

Linda Meyers, MD
Emergency Medicine
Joint-Base Lewis
McChord, Washington

Christina Mezzone, DO, MS
Chief Resident
Department of Pediatrics
Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital at Westchester Medical Center
Valhalla, New York

Siju N. Michael, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University Family Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Tracy O. Middleton, DO, FACOFP
Chair and Clinical Professor
Midwestern University
Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine
Glendale, Arizona

Jeffrey M. Milch, DO
MAJ, MC (Flight Surgeon)
Fox Army Health Center
Redstone Arsenal, Alabama

Mariya Milko, DO, MS
Largo, Florida

Paul G. Millner, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
CHI Health
Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Gregory Mines, MD, MBS
Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Bayfront Health St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, Florida

Zeeshan Mirza, MD
Clinical Research Head, Neck and Lung
University of Oklahoma Health Science Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Cory N. Mitchell, MD
Providence Family Medicine—Walla Walla
Walla Walla, Washington

Hammad Mohsin, MD
Mather at Northwell Health
Port Jefferson, New York

Katherine Montag Schafer, PharmD, BCACP
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Minnesota Medical School
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Maria Montanez Villacampa, MD
Assistant Professor/Clinical
University of Texas Health Science San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Jana E. Montgomery, MD, ScM
Director of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts
Brandon Moore

Brandon J. Moore, BS, MPAS

Stephen Morais, MD, MBA, MS
Rheumatology Fellow
Department of Rheumatology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Michael G. Morkos, MD, MS
Assistant Professor
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
Indiana University
Avon, Indiana

Christopher Morrow, PA-C
Physician Assistant
Womack Army Medical Center
Fort Bragg, North Carolina

S. Mimi Mukherjee, PharmD, BCPS, CDE
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Science University
Worcester, Massachusetts
Clinical Pharmacist
Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center
Framingham, Massachusetts

Sahil Mullick, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Ghulam Murtaza, MD
Chief Medical Resident
NCH Healthcare System
Naples, Florida

Pratha Muthiah, MD, MPH
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
University Hospital – Cleveland Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Mark T. Nadeau, MD, MBA
Professor and Program Director
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Stuti Nagpal, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Vandana Nagpal, MD, FACP
Associate Chief, Division of Palliative Care
Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Emilio Nardone, MD
Neurosurgery
Central Illinois NeuroHealth Sciences
Bloomington, Illinois

Munima Nasir, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Reethu K. Nayak, MD†
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Jessica C. Nazzaro, DO
Obstetrics and Gynecology Resident
Aultman Hospital
Canton, Ohio

James G. Nee, MD, FAAFP
Clinical Faculty
Department of Family Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago
Amita Health Saint Joseph Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Justin Bowen Neisler, MD
St. Anthony North Family Medicine Residency
Westminster, Colorado

Daniel Nelson, DO
USAF, Flight Surgeon
Spangdahlem, Germany

Michelle Nelson, MD
Resident Physician
Family Medicine
MidMichigan Health
Midland, Michigan

Vicki R. Nelson, MD, Ph
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine, Sports Medicine
University of South Carolina School of Medicine—Greenville
Greenville, South Carolina

Brian E. Neubauer, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Sandra N. New, DNP, RN
Director, Medical Management Services
Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield
Little Rock, Arkansas

Nancy V. Nguyen, DO
Clinical Faculty Physician
Mercy Methodist Family Medicine Residency Program
Sacramento, California

Tam T. Nguyen, MD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Family Medicine
Washington Township Medical Group
Fremont, California

Tu Dan (Kathy) Nguyen, MD
Primary Care Sports Medicine Physician
Clinical Assistant Professor
McGovern Medical School
Memorial Hermann Medical Group
Houston, Texas

Caitlin A. Nicholson, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Pennsylvania Health System
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Frederick W. Nielson, MD
MAJ, USAF, MC
Medical Director Family Health
Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany

Laura Novak, MD
Associate Director
Summa Barberton Family Medicine Residency
Summa Health Systems
Barberton, Ohio

Jonathan M. Novotney, DO
Staff Family Physician
Fort Carson
Colorado Springs, Colorado

Olga L. Nunez, MD
Resident
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Crystal Nwagwu, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Kamala M. Nyamathi, MD
Adjunct Instructor/Clinician Teacher
Department of Family Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Adedotun Anthony Ogunsua, MD, MPH
Cardiovascular Diseases Fellow
Department of Cardiology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

David T. O’Gurek, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Keith O’Malley, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery and Interim Director
Division of Trauma, Acute Care Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care
Department of Surgery
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Arthur Ohannessian, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Residency Associate Program Director
David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

Cynthia Y. Ohata, MD
Director of Wellness and Faculty Attending
Advocate Christ Family Medicine Residency
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Smriti Ohri, MD
Assistant Professor and Medical Director
Department of Family Medicine
University of Connecticut Medical School
Farmington, Connecticut

Nneka I. Okafor, MD, MPH
Resident
Department of Family & Community Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Ngozi Okorafor, MD
Family Medicine Resident
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Jacqueline L. Olin, MS, PharmD, BCPS, CDE, FASHP, FCCP
Professor of Pharmacy
Wingate University School of Pharmacy
Wingate, North Carolina

Cherry Onaiwu, MD, MS
Faculty
Department of Internal Medicine
CHI Baylor St. Luke’s Health
Houston, Texas

Brooke E. Organ, DO
Resident Physician
Eglin Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Chidinma Osineme, MD
Assistant Professor and Family Medicine—Obstetrics Residency Faculty
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine
Virginia Tech Carilion
Roanoke, Virginia

Oluwaranti Aina Ositelu, MD, BS
Resident Physician
Emergency Department
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Shannon A. Sanchez Oviedo, MD, MS
Novant Health Family Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Seniha Ozudogru, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Berenice Subero Pablo, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Mount Sinai Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Joshua Pacious, MD
Sports Medicine Fellow
Department of Family Medicine
Prisma Health
Greenville, South Carolina

Kelly Pagidas, MDCM, MD ad eu, FACOG, FRCSC
Providence, Rhode Island

Miguel A. Palacios, MD
Assistant Professor/Clinical Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Sally-Ann L. Pantin, MD, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Mayo Clinic
Florida Family Medicine Residency
Department of Family Medicine
Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education
Jacksonville, Florida

Stephen Paravati, MD
Psychiatry Resident
Mather Hospital Program
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Port Jefferson, New York

Jon S. Parham, DO, MPH, FAAFP
Associate Professor and Director of Preventive Education
Department of Family Medicine
University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine
Knoxville, Tennessee

Douglas S. Parks, MD
Associate Professor
University of Wyoming
Family Medicine Residency at Cheyenne
Cheyenne, Wyoming

Naomi Parrella, MD, FAAFP, Dipl. ABOM
Assistant Professor and Medical Director
Center for Weight Loss and Lifestyle Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Department of Surgery
Rush University Medical School
Chicago, Illinois

Michael T. Partin, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Michael Passafaro, DO, DTM&H, FACEP, FACOEP
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
CarePoint Health
Jersey City, New Jersey

Amit B. Patel, DO
Internal Medicine Resident
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Avignat S. Patel, MD
Senior Physician
Department of Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Birju B. Patel, MD, FACP, AGSF
Geriatrician
Emory University School of Medicine
Duluth, Georgia

Krunal Patel, MD
Gastroenterology Fellow
Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Mahesh C. Patel, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Division of Infectious Diseases
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

Manisha J. Patel, MD
Department of Internal Medicine
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Nihal K. Patel, MD
Gastroenterology Fellow
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire

Nupam A. Patel, MD
Resident
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

Ravin V. Patel, MD
Family Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Saint Louis University/Belleville Campus
Belleville, Illinois

Ruchita Patel, DO
Endocrinologist
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
University of Illinois at Chicago/Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Trisha K. Patel, DO
Department of Internal Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Samata Pathireddy, MD
Hospitalist, Internal Medicine
Clinical Assistant
Professor of Medicine
Indiana School of Medicine
Deaconess Health System
Evansville, Indiana

Elizabeth Patsio, MD
Resident
Barre Family Health Center
University of Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jared M. Patton, MD, MS
Senior Medical Officer
Camp Kinser Branch Medical Clinic
United States Navy
Okinawa, Japan

Jill Patton, DO
Program Director and Vice Chair
Department of Medicine
Advocate Lutheran General Hospital
Park Ridge, Illinois

Gisela M. Lopez Payares, MD
Department of Family and Community Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Destiny D. Pegram, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Psychiatry
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jose L. Perez-Lara, MD
Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
BronxCare Health System
Bronx, New York
Department of Internal Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York

Christine S. Persaud, MD, CAQSM
Program Director
Non-Operative Sports Medicine Fellowship
Medical Director
Division of Sports Medicine
Primary Care Sports Medicine
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York

Gene Pershwitz, MD
Department of Cardiology
Hartford Hospital
Hartford, Connecticut

Bobby Peters, MD, FAAEM
Assistant Professor
Emergency Department
University of Iowa Hospitals
Iowa City, Iowa

Lindsay Petersen, MD
Breast Surgeon
Department of Surgery, Breast Oncology Program
Henry Ford Hospital System
Detroit, Michigan

Hugh R. Peterson, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of General Internal Medicine, Medical Education, and Palliative Care
Department of Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Amee Phan, DO
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
UMass Fitchburg Family Medicine Residency
Fitchburg, Massachusetts

Kelsey E. Phelps, MD
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
Louisiana State University Rural Family Medicine Residency, Bogalusa
Louisiana State University
Bogalusa, Louisiana

Teny Anna Philip, MD
Department of Family & Community Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Jonathan A. Phillips, DO
Resident
Department of Internal Medicine/ Pediatrics
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Shawn F. Phillips, MD, MSPT
Assistant Professor of Family and Community Medicine and Orthopedics and Rehabilitation
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine/Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Claudeleedy Pierre, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Karly Pippitt, MD
Associate Professor, Clinic Department of Family and Preventive Medicine
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Lindsay Marie Poplinski, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Psychiatry
OhioHealth Riverside Methodist Hospital
Columbus, Ohio

Stacy Potts, MD, MEd
Associate Professor and Residency Program Director
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

James E. Powers, DO, FACEP, FAAEM
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
Lillington, North Carolina

Faruq Pradhan, MD
Gastroenterology Fellow
Banner University Medical Center
Phoenix Phoenix, Arizona

Dawn Pruett, MD
Senior Clinical Instructor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

George G.A. Pujalte, MD, FACSM
Senior Associate Consultant
Family Medicine and Sports Medicine
Assistant Professor
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Vice-Chair for Academics
Department of Family Medicine
Associate Program Director
Sports Medicine Fellowship Program
Vice-Chair for Communications
American Medical Society for Sports Medicine
Team Physician
USA Taekwondo
Jacksonville, Florida

Natasha J. Pyzocha, DO, FAWM, FAAFP
Family Medicine Physician
Seattle, Washington

David S. Quimby, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Jeffrey D. Quinlan, MD, FAAFP†
Associate Professor and Chairman
Department of Family Medicine
Uniformed Services
University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Patricia Martinez Quinones, MD
General Surgery Resident
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Raymundo A. Quintana, MD
Cardiovascular Diseases Fellow
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Hannan Qureshi, MD
Resident Surgeon and Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Mohammad Humza Qureshi, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
United Health Services – Wilson Medical Center
Johnson City, New York

Taaha S. Rafi, MD
Family Medicine
Southern Illinois University
School of Medicine
Springfield, Illinois

Naureen Rafiq, MBBS
Associate Professor and Core Faculty
Department of Family Medicine Residency Program
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Youssef Rahban, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Parth Sharad Rajyaguru, MD, MPH
Faculty
Department of Family Medicine
White Memorial Medical Family Medicine Residency Program
Los Angeles, California

Deepika Ram, DO
University of Texas Health
San Antonio Department of Family & Community Medicine
Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine
San Antonio, Texas

Jyoti Ramakrishna, MD, MPH
Adjunct Associate Professor
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Kalyanakrishnan Ramakrishnan, MD
Professor
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Muthalagu Ramanathan, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Co-Director of Blood and Marrow Transplant Program
Director of Myelodysplastic Syndrome Program
Division of Hematology and Oncology
Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Vinay S. Rao, BA
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia

Chandini Rathee, MD
Resident
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency
Charlotte, North Carolina

Abirami Raveendran, MD, MSc
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Tharani Ravi, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Mohammad A. Razaq, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division of Hematology/Oncology
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

John L. Reagan, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Director of Hematology
Lifespan Cancer Institute
Providence, Rhode Island

Narothama Reddy Aeddula, MD, FACP, FASN
Consultant Nephrologist
Deaconess Health System
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Evansville, Indiana

Grant M. Reed, DO
Family Medicine Physician
St. Margaret’s Health
Peru, Illinois

Tyler R. Reese, MD, FAAFP
Faculty of Family Medicine
Department of Family Medicine
Madigan Healthcare System
Tacoma, Washington

Jennifer Reidy, MD, MS, FAAHPM
Chief
Division of Palliative Care
University of Massachusetts Memorial Health Care
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Kelsey A. Reindel, DO
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency
Cornelius, North Carolina

Arlene Reyes, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Andrew J. Richardson, MD
Department of Family Medicine
Baylor Scott and White Health
College Station, Texas

Maizal Cuauhtemoc Rivera, FNP
Nurse Practitioner
San Antonio, Texas

Sonia Rivera-Martinez, DO
Associate Professor and Associate Medical Director
Department of Family Medicine
New York Institute of Technology
Collegeof Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Wayne K. Robbins, DO
Ear, Nose, and Throat Associates
Grand Blanc, Michigan

Amanda Roberts, MD

Michele Roberts, MD, PhD
Paxton, Massachusetts

Sean C. Robinson, MD, CAQSM
Assistant Professor
Oregon Health & Science University
Sports & Family Medicine Department
Director of Electives and Sub-internship
Head Team Physician
Lewis and Clark College
Portland, Oregon

Shannon Roche, DO
Family Health Resident
Family Medicine and Community Health
UMass Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Michelle Rodriguez, MD
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Tyler S. Rogers, MD
Fellow
Department of Family Medicine Madigan Army Medical Center
Joint Base Lewis–McChord, Washington

Cristhiam Rojas-Hernandez, MD
Assistant Professor
Section of Benign Hematology
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

Noah M. Rosenberg, MD, MBA
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Eric J. Rosenthal, DO
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
HealthAlliance-Clinton Hospital
Worcester, Massachusetts

Montiel T. Rosenthal, MD
Professor and Director of Maternity Services
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

David A. Ross, MD, CAQSM
Primary Care Sports Medicine
Ross Medical Group
Miami, Florida

Sasmit Roy, MD, MBBS
Renal Fellow
Division of Renal Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Lloyd A. Runser, MD, MPH, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Clinic
Charlotte, North Carolina
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Campbell University Jerry M. Wallace School of Osteopathic Medicine
Lillington, North Carolina
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (VCOM)
Blacksburg, Virginia

Anthony Russo, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia

Veronica J. Ruston, DO
General Practitioner
Phoenix, Arizona

Valerie Rygiel, DO
Chief Resident
Family Medicine Residency Program
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Melissa Christina Saab, MD, BS, BA
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
The Christ Hospital/University of Cincinnati Family Medicine Residency Program
Cincinnati, Ohio

Anup Sabharwal, MD, MBA, FACE
Professor of Medicine
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
Florida International University
Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine
Miami, Florida

Sidra Saeed, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Springfield, Illinois

Navneet Saggu, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska
Sheshadrie Saha

Sheshadrie Saha, MD
Resident Physician
Internal Medicine Residency
Beth Israel Lahey Health
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Burlington, Massachusetts

Kathryn Samai, PharmD, BCPS
Clinical Pharmacist of Emergency Medicine
Department of Pharmaceutical Care Services
Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System
Sarasota, Florida

Vicente T. San Martin, MD
Endocrinology Fellow
Endocrinology & Metabolism Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Adriana S. Sanchez, MD
Family and Community Medicine Resident
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Gabriela Sanchez-Petitto, MD
Hematology and Medical Oncology Fellow
University of Maryland
Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland

Adam K. Saperstein, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

Luay Sarsam, MD
Department of Cardiovascular Disease
Arnot Ogden Medical Center
Elmira, New York

Durr-e-Shahwaar Sayed, DO
Attending Family Physician
Inspira Medical Group
Glassboro, New Jersey

Payam Sazegar, MD, CCFP
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Family Practice
University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Catherine Scarbrough, MD, MSc, FAAFP
Faculty
St. Vincent’s East Family Medicine Residency Program
Christ Health Center
Birmingham, Alabama

Matthew J. Schear, DO
Fellow
Cornea, External Diseases, & Refractive Surgery
Manhattan Eye, Ear, & Throat Hospital
Northwell Health
New York, New York

Jeffrey A. Schievenin, MD
Faculty Physician
Eglin Air Force Base
Family Medicine Residency Program
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Daniel J. Schlegel, MD, MHA
Program Director
Penn State Hershey Family Medicine Residency Program
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Lauren Schneekloth, MD
Resident Physician
Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health at University Park
State College, Pennsylvania

Benjamin N. Schneider, MD
Assistant Professor, Family Medicine
Assistant Dean, Student Affairs
Undergraduate Medical Education
Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon

Jennifer B. Schwartz, MD
Family and Sports Medicine Physician
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Affiliated Physicians Group
Brookline, Massachusetts

Hiral Shah, MD, FASGE, FAGA, FACG†
Family and Sports Medicine Physician
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Affiliated Physicians Group
Brookline, Massachusetts

Ingrid U. Scott, MD, MPH
Jack and Nancy Turner Professor of Ophthalmology
Professor of Public Health Sciences
Penn State College of Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Peter Scott, MD
Resident Physician, Family Medicine
David Grant Medical Center
Travis Airforce Base
Fairfield, California

David P. Sealy, MD
Professor
Medical University of South Carolina
Area Health Education Consortium Greenwood
Director
Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship
Self Regional Healthcare Sports Medicine Center
Greenwood, South Carolina

Stephen C. Sears, DO
LT, MC (Flight Surgeon), USN
Aviation Medicine Department
United States Naval Hospital Yokosuka
Branch Health Clinic Iwakuni
Marine Corps Air Station
Iwakuni, Japan

Jarrett Sell, MD, AAHIVS
Associate Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Peter J. Sell, DO
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Chirag N. Shah, MD, FACEP
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Hiral Shah, MD, FASGE, FAGA, FACG
Program Director
Gastroenterology Fellowship
Lehigh Valley Health Network
Eastern Pennsylvania Gastroenterology and Liver Specialists
Allentown, Pennsylvania

Nehal R. Shah, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

Samir A. Shah, MD, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
Clinical Professor of Medicine
The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Chief of Gastroenterology
The Miriam Hospital
Gastroenterology Associates
Providence, Rhode Island

Ammar Shahid, MD
Chief Resident
Chestnut Hill Family Practice
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Denise Sharon, MD, PhD, FAASM
Assistant Professor
Tulane University School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana
Consultant
Pomona Valley Hospital and Medical Center
Adult and Children Sleep Disorders Center
Claremont, California

Karen Sheflin, DO
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
College of Osteopathic Medicine
New York Institute of Technology
Old Westbury, New York

Zahra Sheikh, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Emily Sherrard, MD
Resident Physician
Family Medicine
Prisma Health Upstate/USCOM-Greenville
Greenville, SC

Nicole Shields, MD
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine
Lincoln Memorial University
Harrogate, Tennessee

Jeffrey A. Shih, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Medical Director
Ventricular Assist Device Program
Advanced Heart Failure and Cardiac Transplantation
Cardiovascular Medicine
Worcester, Massachusetts

Esther Shin, MD
Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health
San Antonio San Antonio, Texas

Amal Shine, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky

Cassandra Shipp, MD
Department of Family Medicine
Mount Sinai Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Irfan H. Siddiqui, MD
Chief Resident and Clinical Instructor
Department of Internal Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center/University of Illinois at Chicago
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Karlynn Sievers, MD
Faculty Physician
St. Mary’s Family Medicine Residency Program
Grand Junction, Colorado

Peter Silberstein, MD, FACP
Professor
School of Medicine
Creighton University
Oncology, Hematology
CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

Matthew A. Silva, PharmD, RPh, BCPS
Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Worcester, Massachusetts

Sabrina L. Silver, DO, CAQSM
Family Medicine Residency
Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

Lauren M. Simon, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Loma Linda, California

Inderjit Singh, MD
Senior Instructor
Department of Medicine
Drexel University College of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Madhavi Singh, MD
Temple University Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State Health
State College, Pennsylvania

Navpreet K. Singh, MD
Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Sumedha Singh, MD
Internal Medicine Resident
Hahnemann University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Blake D. Singletary, DO†
Fellow
Cardiovascular Medicine
Largo Medical Center
Nova Southeastern College of Osteopathic Medicine
Largo, Florida

Losika Sivaganeshan, MD, MPH
Creighton Family Medicine Resident
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Brian G. Skotko, MD, MPP
Emma Campbell Endowed Chair on Down Syndrome
Division of Medical Genetics
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Natalie Slepski, MD, MPH
Flight Surgeon
United States Navy
Washington, District of Columbia

Jennifer Slowik, DO, MS, FAAFP
Assistant Professor of Medicine Uniformed Services
University of the Health Sciences School of Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Family Medicine Residency Faculty
Tacoma, Washington

Andrew Slusarek, BMSc, MBBS
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University
Omaha, Nebraska

Jason C. Sluzevich, MD
Assistant Professor of Dermatology
Mayo Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida

Andrew Smith, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Clayton Smith, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Associate Program Director
Internal Medicine Residency Training Program
Division of General Internal Medicine, Palliative Medicine and Medical Education
Department of Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Roxanne Smith, MD, MPH
Family Medicine Residency Director
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Jonathan W. Smits, MD
Sports Medicine Fellow
Department of Family Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

John C. Smulian, MD, MPH
Vice Chair
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chief
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Lehigh Valley Health Network
Allentown, Pennsylvania
Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of South Florida—Morsani College of Medicine
Tampa, Florida

L. Michael Snyder, MD
Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

D’Ann Somerall, DNP, MAEd, CRNP, FNP-BC
Assistant Professor
Family Child and Health Systems
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama

William E. Somerall Jr., MD, Med
Visiting Associate Professor School of Nursing
Adult/Acute Health, Chronic Care & Foundations School of Nursing
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama

Thomas C. Spalla, MD
Director
Ear, Nose, and Throat Facial Plastic Surgery
Cooper University Hospital
Assistant Professor
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Drexel University College of Medicine
Department of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery
Adjunct Assistant Professor
MD Anderson Cancer Center
University of Texas
Department of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery
Camden, New Jersey

Mikayla L. Spangler, PharmD
Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
School of Pharmacy and Health Professions
Department of Family Medicine
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Dana Sprute, MD, MPH, FAAFP
Associate Professor
Division of Family Medicine
Family Medicine Residency Director
Department of Population Health
University of Texas Austin Dell Medical School
Austin, Texas

Jack R. Stacey, MD
LT, MC, USN
Department of Family Medicine
Naval Hospital Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida

Brianna Stadsvold, MD
Resident
Department of Surgery
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Chi Nguyen Stasio, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Family & Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Joseph L. Steele, MPAS, APA-C
Chief of Occupational Health
Department of Preventative Medicine
Reynolds Army Health Clinic
Pine Bluff, Arkansas

Michael C. Stefanowicz, DO
Chief Medical Resident
University of Texas Dell Medical School
Division of Family Medicine
Austin, Texas

Susan L. Steffans, DO
Assistant Professor
Department of Clinical Science Education
A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona
Mesa, Arizona

Daniel J. Stein, MD, MPH
Fellow
Division of Gastroenterology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Kyle B. Stephens, DO, MPH
Identity Medical Group
Ventura, California

J. Herbert Stevenson, MD
Director of Sports Medicine
Director Sports Medicine Fellowship Program
Associate Professor
University of Massachusetts Medical School
University of Massachusetts Department of Family and Community Medicine
Joint Appointment
University of Massachusetts Department of Orthopedics
Worcester, Massachusetts

Haley Stewart, DO
St. John’s Hospital Family Medicine Resident
University of Minnesota Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
St. Paul, Minnesota

Sheila O. Stille, DMD
Associate Professor and Director of the General Practice Residency in Dentistry
Department of Surgical Dentistry
University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine
Aurora, Colorado

Rachel L. Storey, DO
Family Medicine Resident
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Jeffrey Stovall, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Nashville, Tennessee

Adam Strosberg, DNP, ARNP-BC
AIDS Healthcare Foundation
Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing
Florida Atlantic University
Boca Raton, Florida

Elizabeth Ashley Suniega, MD
Assistant Faculty Professor of Family Medicine, Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examiner
Department of Soldier and Family Medicine
Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center
Fort Gordon, Georgia

Jennifer E. Svarverud, DO
Family Medicine Resident
Nellis Family Medicine Residency
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada

Sasha Svendsen, MD
Assistant Professor
Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Michelle E. Szczepanik, MD
Hardin Memorial Hospital
Elizabethtown, Kentucky

Katherine Tadros, DO
Resident
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Benjamin T. Tan, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine Mayo Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida

Irene J. Tan, MD, FACR
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Director of Rheumatology Fellowship Program
Section of Rheumatology
Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Kathrine R. Tan, MD, MPH†
Chief
Domestic Response Unit, Malaria Branch
Centers for Global Health/Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Atlanta, Georgia

Brice T. Taylor, MD
Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care
Atrium Health
Charlotte, North Carolina

Christopher C. Taylor, MD
Family Medicine Faculty Physician
Madigan Army Medical Center Family Medicine Residency
Joint Base Lewis–McChord, Washington

Danielle Taylor, DO
Urogynecology Fellow Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery
University of Massachusetts Medical School
University of Massachusetts Memorial Hospital
Worcester, Massachusetts

Sireesha Teegala, MD
Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Texas Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Jairo J. Tejada-Tejada, MD†
Resident
Department of Internal Medicine
BronxCare Health System
Bronx, New York

Yutthapong Temtanakitpaisan, MD
Co-Director
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory
Division of Cardiology
Bangkok Hospital
Khon Kaen, Thailand

Frances A. Tepolt, MD
Resident
St. John’s Residency Program
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, Minnesota

Nimmy Thakolkaran, MD
Geriatrics Fellow
Department of Geriatrics
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Tarika Thareja, MD
Comprehensive Ophthalmology Geisinger Health
Danville, Pennsylvania

Margaret E. Thompson, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
Grand Rapids, Michigan

Matthew E. Tick, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia

Samuel Tiglao, DO
Family Physician
Tripler Army Medical Center
Honolulu, Hawaii

Robert J. Tiller, MD, FAAFP
Family Medicine Residency Program Director
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Self Regional Healthcare
Greenwood, South Carolina

Kaleigh Timmins, MD
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jill N. Tirabassi, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Alexander Toirac, MD
Internal Medicine Residency Program
Jackson Memorial Hospital
Miami, Florida

Rachelle E. Toman, MD, PhD
Associate Professor and Residency Program Director
Department of Family Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Washington, District of Columbia

Theresa A. Townley, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Huy T. Tran, MD
Family Medicine
San Diego, California

Adam N. Treitman, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
Section of Infectious Diseases
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Sophia Margareth Marie Tribie, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
State University of New York Downstate Hospital
Brooklyn, New York

Zoltan Trizna, MD, PhD
Director
Dermatology and Dermatological Surgery
Austin, Texas

Katherine M. Tromp, PharmD
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice
School of Pharmacy
Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine
Bradenton, Florida

Elizabeth Joyce Trout, MD, MLS
Resident
Department of Novant Health Family Medicine
Residency Novant Health
Cornelius, North Carolina

Caroline Tschibelu, MD
Clinical Content Specialist
Emergency Medicine Department
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Pamela R. Tsinteris, MD, MPH
Family Physician
Program Director
Controlled Substances and Office Based Addiction Treatment Programs
The Family Health Center of Worcester Instructor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Jonathan Tsui, MD Terrence C. Tsui, DO
Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellow
University of Massachusetts Worcester, Massachusetts

Alethea Y. Turner, DO
Associate Program Director
HonorHealth Family Medicine Residency Program
Scottsdale, Arizona

Bradley M. Turner, MD, MPH, MHA, FCAP, FASCP†
Associate Professor
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Breast and Gynecologic Subspecialty Services
Co-Director Breast and Gynecologic Pathology Fellowship
University of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
Strong Health Highland Hospital
Board Certified in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology
Rochester, New York

Kimberly S. Tustison, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Women’s Health
University of California Riverside School of Medicine
Riverside, California

Ashley Twyman, MD
Resident
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Katherine S. Upchurch, MD, MACR
Professor of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Division of Rheumatology
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Sara Usman, MBBS
Dow University of Health Sciences
Karachi, Pakistan

Onameyore Utuama, MD, MPH
Hospitalist
Physicians of Central Florida
Mt. Dora, Florida

Sonal Vaid, MD, BME
Internal Medicine Resident Physician
Department of Internal Medicine
Indianapolis, Indiana

Santiago O. Valdes, MD, FAAP
Associate Professor
The Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Pediatric Cardiology
Texas Children’s Hospital
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Carrie Valenta, MD, FACP, FHM
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
Division Chief of Academic Hospital Medicine
CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center
Creighton University School of Medicine
Omaha, Nebraska

Virginia J. Van Duyne, MD
Assistant Professor and Associate Residency Director
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Pratibha Sonam Vashista, DO
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Program
Cornelius, North Carolina

Kathleen M. Vazzana, DO, MSc
Pediatric Rheumatology Fellow
Children’s National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia

Nandhini Veeraraghavan, MD, CAQSM, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Family Medicine Residency
St. Luke’s Sacred Heart Campus
Allentown, Pennsylvania

Pradeepa P. Vimalachandran, MD, MPH
Rural Health Family Medicine Physician
Oakland Mercy Medical Hospital
Oakland, Nebraska

Alicia H. Vinyard, DO
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Associate Surgery Clerkship Director
Department of Surgical Oncology
Augusta University Medical Center
Augusta, Georgia

Kirsten Vitrikas, MD
Program Director
David Grant Medical Center
Family Medicine Residency
Travis Air Force Base, California

Elena Voronejskaia, MD
Resident
Department of Family Medicine
Prisma Health
Greenville, South Carolina

Yongkasem Vorasettakarnkij, MD, MSc†
Faculty of Medicine
Department of Medicine
Chulalongkorn University
Cardiac Center
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital
Thai Red Cross Society
Bangkok, Thailand

Joseph R. Wagner, MD
Urologic Oncology and Minimally Invasive Surgery
Hartford Healthcare Medical Group
Director of Robotic Surgery
Hartford Hospital
Hartford, Connecticut

Thomas A. Waller, MD
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
Residency Director
Department of Family Medicine
Mayo Clinic Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

Anne Walsh, ANP-BC
Northwell Health Solutions House Calls Program
New Hyde Park, New York
Adjunct Clinical Faculty
Hofstra University School of Graduate Nursing and PA Studies
Hempstead, New York

Judy Wang, MD
Resident
Family Medicine and Community Health
Family Medicine Worcester
Family Health Center of Worcester
UMass Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Ming-Jin Wang, DO
Hematology Oncology Fellow
Department of Hematology Oncology
University of Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts

Samuel C. Wang, MD, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Memorial Family Medicine Residency Program
Sugar Land, Texas

b
Department of Family Medicine
Madigan Army Medical Center
Joint Base Lewis—McChord, Washington

Waiz Wasey, MD
Fellow
Department of Sleep Medicine
Mayo Clinic Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

Joshua Wathen, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Pediatrics
University of California Irvine – Children’s Hospital of Orange County
Orange, California

Lynn Weaver, MD
Resident
Department of Family and Community Medicine
Penn State College of Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Kaci Webb, MD
Family Medicine Resident Physician
Department of Population Health
The University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School
Austin, Texas

Grant Wei, MD
Associate Professor
Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Kendra Weissberger, BSN, FNP-BC
Family Nurse Practitioner
New Hyde Park, New York

Maggie C. Wertz, MD†
Operational Physician
Fort Gordon, Georgia

Rebecca Wetzel, DO
CPT, MC, USA
Internal Medicine
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Bethesda, Maryland

Amanda E. White, DO, MBA
Novant Health Family Medicine Residency Clinic-Cornelius
Cornelius, North Carolina

Cassandra Q. White, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor and Program Director
Surgical Critical Care Fellowship
Department of Surgery
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University
Augusta, Georgia

Christopher White, MD, JD, MHA
Associate Professor and Research Division Director
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

Todd A. Wical, DO
Family Medicine Resident
Department of Primary Care
Martin Army Community Hospital
Fort Benning, Georgia

Marcy Wiemers, MD
Assistant Professor/Clinical
Associate Program Director
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio Family and Community Medicine Residency
San Antonio, Texas

Susanne Wild, MD
Associate Program Director for Academic Affairs
Banner University Medical Center Phoenix Family Medicine Residency
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Phoenix, Arizona

Faren H. Williams, MD, MS
Chief and Clinical Professor, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Katherine Williams, MD
Resident, Family Medicine Summa Health
Akron, Ohio

Norton A. Winer, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor of Neurology
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Division Chief Neurology
UH Richmond Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

Robyn Wing, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine & Pediatrics
Departments of Emergency Medicine & Pediatrics
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Fawn J. Winkelman, DO
Elite Medicine and Aesthetic Institute
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Osteopathic Family Medicine
Nova Southeastern University of Osteopathic Medicine
Boca Raton, Florida

Jay Winner, MD, FAAFP
Family Physician and Founder/Teacher Stress Reduction Classes
Sansum Clinic
Santa Barbara, California
Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
University of Southern California School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

Christopher M. Wise, MD
Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology
Virginia Commonwealth University Health System
Richmond, Virginia

Amy L. Wiser, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

Anita Wong, MD
Department of Family Medicine
UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica
Santa Monica, California

William W. Wong, DO
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

J. Andrew Woods, PharmD, BCPS
Associate Professor of Pharmacy
Wingate University School of Pharmacy
Wingate, North Carolina

Taylor Wright, MD
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville, Tennessee

Frances Y. Wu, MD, FAAFP
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
Assistant Director
Robert Wood Johnson Somerset Family Medicine Residency
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Rutgers University
Somerville, New Jersey

Kai-Soon “David” Yang, MD
Family Practice
Methodist Charlton Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Wail Yar, MD, MPH
Resident Physician
Department of Family Medicine
Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals
Cleveland, Ohio

Dinesh Yogaratnam, PharmD
Assistant Professor
School of Pharmacy Worcester/Manchester
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University
Worcester, Massachusetts

James R. Yon, MD
Department of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Swedish Medical Center
Englewood, Colorado

Kyung In Yoon, MD
Department of Emergency Medicine
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Jocelyn C. Young, DO, MS
Faculty Physician
Department of Family Medicine
United Health Services Hospitals
Johnson City, New York

David H. Yun, MD
Family Physician
Okubo Family Health Clinic
Joint Base Lewis—McCord, Washington

Edlira Yzeiraj, DO, MS
Internal Medicine Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

Christopher A. Zagar, MD, FAAFP
Associate Program Director
Family Medicine Residency Program
Novant Health
Cornelius, North Carolina

Rochelle Zak, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Medicine/Sleep Disorders Center
University of California at San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Youhua Zhang, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Biomedical Sciences
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine
Old Westbury, New York

Anna K. Zheng, MD
Assistant Professor, Appointment Pending
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Erika Zimmons, DO, MS
Assistant Professor
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Division of Geriatric Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

Gennine M. Zinner, RNCS, ANP
Clinical Professor
Massachusetts General Hospital Institute of Health Professions
Nurse Practitioner
Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program
Boston, Massachusetts

Patrick M. Zito, DO
Faculty, School of Nursing
Walden University
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Susan L. Zweizig, MD
Professor and Director
Division of Gynecologic Oncology
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Worcester, Massachusetts

†The views expressed are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, Department of the Air Force, the Department of Defense, or the United States Government.

Notices and Disclaimers

The 5-Minute Clinical Consult 2021 29th Edition (the "Content") is a publication of WOLTERS KLUWER ("PUBLISHER"), and copyright © 2021, by WOLTERS KLUWER.

The Unbound™ softare platform is copyright © 2000-2021 Unbound Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved.

The user is receiving only a limited right to use the Content and Unbound Platform (jointly referred to as the "Service") for user’s own internal or personal use. The user may not reproduce, forward, modify, create derivative works based upon, transmit, distribute, disseminate, sell, publish or sublicense the Service or in any way commingle the Service with other third party content, without PUBLISHER’s or Unbound Medicine’s consent.

Disclaimer of Warranties

THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS. NEITHER PUBLISHER, UNBOUND MEDICINE NOR ITS LICENSORS MAKE ANY GUARANTEES OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE AS TO THE SERVICE OR THE INFORMATION THEREIN OR ANY WARRANTIES AS TO THE ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, CURRENTNESS, OR RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED FROM, ACCESSING OR USING THE SERVICE, OR ANY MATERIAL REFERENCED IN SUCH SERVICE OR ANY INFORMATION ENTERED INTO THE SERVICE BY USERS OR OTHER PERSONS AND/OR ANY MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON OR THAT CAN BE ACCESSED THROUGH THE SERVICE (INCLUDING VIA ANY HYPERLINK OR OTHERWISE) OR AS TO NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, ARE DISCLAIMED. ANY MATERIAL OR DATA OBTAINED THROUGH USE OF THE SERVICE IS AT YOUR OWN DISCRETION AND RISK AND USER UNDERSTANDS THAT IT WILL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY RESULTING DAMAGE TO ITS COMPUTER SYSTEM OR LOSS OF DATA.

Disclaimers

MEDICINE IS AN EVER-CHANGING SCIENCE. AS NEW RESEARCH AND CLINICAL EXPERIENCE BROADEN OUR KNOWLEDGE, CHANGES IN TREATMENT AND DRUG THERAPY ARE REQUIRED. IN VIEW OF THE POSSIBILITY OF HUMAN ERROR OR CHANGES IN MEDICAL SCIENCES, NEITHER PUBLISHER, UNBOUND MEDICINE NOR ITS LICENSORS WARRANTS THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE SERVICE IS IN EVERY RESPECT ACCURATE OR COMPLETE, AND THEY ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ERRORS OR OMISSIONS OR THE RESULTS OBTAINED FROM THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. USERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO CONFIRM THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE SERVICE WITH OTHER SOURCES. FOR EXAMPLE, AND IN PARTICULAR, USERS ARE ADVISED TO CHECK THE PRODUCT INFORMATION SHEET INCLUDED IN THE PACKAGE OF EACH DRUG THEY PLAN TO ADMINISTER TO BE CERTAIN THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE PUBLISHER CONTENT IS ACCURATE AND THAT CHANGES HAVE NOT BEEN MADE IN THE RECOMMENDED DOSE OR IN THE CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR ADMINISTRATION. THIS RECOMMENDATION IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT IN CONNECTION WITH NEW OR INFREQUENTLY USED DRUGS. NEITHER PUBLISHER NOR ITS LICENSORS SHALL BE LIABLE TO SUBSCRIBER OR TO ANY USER OR ANYONE ELSE FOR ANY INACCURACY, DELAY, INTERRUPTION IN SERVICE, ERROR OR OMISSION, REGARDLESS OF CAUSE, OR FOR ANY DAMAGES RESULTING THEREFROM.

Limitation of Liability

IN NO EVENT WILL PUBLISHER, UNBOUND MEDICINE OR ITS LICENSORS, BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOST TIME, LOST MONEY, LOST PROFITS OR GOOD WILL, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE, AND WHETHER OR NOT SUCH DAMAGES ARE FORESEEN OR UNFORESEEN ARISING FROM OR RELATING TO: (i) YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE OR USE OF THE SERVICE THROUGH YOUR ACCOUNT BY ANYONE ELSE; (ii) THE COST OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE DATA, INFORMATION OR SERVICES; (iii) UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO OR ALTERATION OF YOUR TRANSMISSIONS OR DATA; OR (iv) ANY OTHER MATTER RELATING TO THE SERVICE. UNBOUND’S TOTAL CUMULATIVE LIABILITY TO YOU AND ANYONE WHO USES THE SERVICE THROUGH YOUR ACCOUNT, FOR ANY AND ALL CLAIMS UNDER ANY THEORY OF LAW, WILL NOT EXCEED THE UNUSED PORTION OF FEES PAID FOR THE SERVICE. IF, NOTWITHSTANDING THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, UNBOUND SHOULD HAVE ANY LIABILITY TO YOU OR ANY THIRD PARTY FOR ANY LOSS, HARM OR DAMAGE, YOU AND UNBOUND AGREE THAT SUCH LIABILITY SHALL UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES EXCEED THE LESSER OF $1,000 OR THE FEES YOU PAID US DURING THE THREE (3) MONTHS IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING THE DAY THE ACT OR OMISSION OCCURRED THAT GAVE RISE TO YOUR CLAIM. YOU AND UNBOUND AGREE THAT THE FOREGOING LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS AN AGREED ALLOCATION OF RISK BETWEEN YOU AND US AND REFLECTS THE FEES, IF ANY, UNBOUND CHARGE YOU TO USE THE SITE AND THE SERVICES. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT ABSENT YOUR AGREEMENT TO THIS LIMITATION OF LIABILITY, UNBOUND WOULD NOT PROVIDE THE SITE OR SERVICES TO YOU.

The 5-Minute Clinical Consult is a sample topic from the 5-Minute Clinical Consult.

To view other topics, please or .

Medicine Central™ is a quick-consult mobile and web resource that includes diagnosis, treatment, medications, and follow-up information on over 700 diseases and disorders, providing fast answers—anytime, anywhere. .