Chronic hypoventilation


  • Obstructive or central sleep apnea
  • Obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (Pickwickian syndrome)
  • Central alveolar hypoventilation (brainstem disorder)
  • Primary alveolar hypoventilation (Ondine’s curse)
  • Neuromuscular disorder, eg, myasthenia gravis, poliomyelitis, spinal cord trauma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Chronic hypnotic use

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Last updated: December 1, 2014