Contraception is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Clinical Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Medicine Central™ is a quick-consult mobile and web resource that includes diagnosis, treatment, medications, and follow-up information on over 700 diseases and disorders, providing fast answers—anytime, anywhere. Explore these free sample topics:

Medicine Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --



  • Medications or procedures that control timing of pregnancies and prevent unintended pregnancies
  • Contraception options are divided into two major categories: hormonal and nonhormonal.
  • The most effective methods of contraception are vasectomy, female sterilization, and the long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs).


  • The estimated prevalence of contraception use among women age 15 to 44 years is 61% in the United States (1).
  • 49% of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and half of these occur in women using a form of reversible contraception.
  • 43% of all unintended pregnancies in the United States result in termination.
  • The most frequently used forms of contraception in the United States (in order of prevalence) are oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), female sterilization, male condom, male sterilization, and depot injectables.
  • Although LARCs are one of the most effective forms of contraception, they are among the least used methods in the United States.

Risk Factors

Unintended pregnancy: higher rates among women ages 18 to 24 and >40 years, unmarried/cohabitating women, women with less than a college education, and minority women

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --


* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Contraception ID - 116149 ED - Baldor,Robert A, ED - Domino,Frank J, ED - Golding,Jeremy, ED - Stephens,Mark B, BT - 5-Minute Clinical Consult, Updating UR - PB - Wolters Kluwer ET - 27 DB - Medicine Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -